Monday, October 12, 2015

008 - Visual Materials (NR)

MARC 21


Indicators and Subfield Codes

Field has no indicators or subfield codes; the data elements are positionally defined.
Character Positions
18-20 - Running time for motion pictures and videorecordings (006/01-03)
000 - Running time exceeds three characters
001-999 - Running time
nnn - Not applicable
--- - Unknown
||| - No attempt to code
21 - Undefined (006/04)
# - Undefined
22 - Target audience (006/05)
# - Unknown or not specified
a - Preschool
b - Primary
c - Pre-adolescent
d - Adolescent
e - Adult
f - Specialized
g - General
j - Juvenile
| - No attempt to code
23-27 - Undefined (006/06-10)
# - Undefined
28 - Government publication (006/11)
# - Not a government publication
a - Autonomous or semi-autonomous component
c - Multilocal
f - Federal/national
i - International intergovernmental
l - Local
m - Multistate
o - Government publication-level undetermined
s - State, provincial, territorial, dependent, etc.
u - Unknown if item is government publication
z - Other
| - No attempt to code
29 - Form of item (006/12)
# - None of the following
a - Microfilm
b - Microfiche
c - Microopaque
d - Large print
f - Braille
o - Online
q - Direct electronic
r - Regular print reproduction
s - Electronic
| - No attempt to code
30-32 - Undefined (006/13-15)
# - Undefined
33 - Type of visual material (006/16)
a - Art original
b - Kit
c - Art reproduction
d - Diorama
f - Filmstrip
g - Game
i - Picture
k - Graphic
l - Technical drawing
m - Motion picture
n - Chart
o - Flash card
p - Microscope slide
q - Model
r - Realia
s - Slide
t - Transparency
v - Videorecording
w - Toy
z - Other
| - No attempt to code
34 - Technique (006/17)
a - Animation
c - Animation and live action
l - Live action
n - Not applicable
u - Unknown
z - Other
| - No attempt to code

FIELD DEFINITION AND SCOPE

Visual materials definition of field 008/18-34 is used when Leader/06 (Type of record) contains code g (Projected medium), code k (Two-dimensional nonprojectable graphic, code o (Kit), or code r (Three-dimensional artifact or naturally occurring object). Field 008 positions 01-17 and 35-39 are defined the same in all 008 fields and are described in the 008-All materialssection.
Field 008/18-34 correspond to equivalent positionally defined data elements in field 006/01-17 when field 006/00 (Form of material) contains code g, k, o, or r . Details about specific codes defined for the equivalent character positions in field 006 and 008 for visual materials are provided in the Guidelines for Applying Content Designators section of 008-Visual materials only.

GUIDELINES FOR APPLYING CONTENT DESIGNATORS

 CHARACTER POSITIONS

18-20 - Running time for motion pictures and videorecordings (006/01-03)
Three-digit number that indicates the total running time of the motion picture or videorecording. The number is right justified and each unused position contains a zero.
000 - Running time exceeds three characters
008/18-20000
300##$a30 videocassettes (52 min. each) :$bsd., col. ;$c1/2 in.
001-999 - Running time
Represents running time in whole numbers from 1 to 999. Running times of less than three digits are right justified and unused positions contain zeros.
008/18-20052
300##$a1 film reel (52 min.) :$bsd., col. ;$c16 mm.
008/18-20180
300##$a12 videorecordings (15 min. each) :$bsd., col. ;$c1 in.
008/18-20024
300##$a3 film reels (24 min.) :$bsd., col. ;$c16 mm.
5050#$aBirds of Maryland (5 min., 21 sec.) -- Birds of Virginia(10 min., 15 sec.) -- Birds of Delaware (8 min., 6 sec.)
nnn - Not applicable
Running time is not applicable, such as when the item is not a motion picture or a videorecording.
008/18-20nnn
300##$a121 slides :$bcol. ;$c2x2 in. +$e1 teacher's guide.
[Code nnn indicates that the item is other than a motion picture or a videorecording.]
--- - Unknown
Running time is unknown.
008/18-20---
300##$a1 videocassette :$bsd., col. ;$c3/4 in.
[Running time not stated elsewhere in the record.]
||| - No attempt to code

21 - Undefined (006/04)
Undefined; contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).

22 - Target audience (006/05)
One-character alphabetic code that indicates the audience for which the item is intended.
Used primarily for educational audiovisual materials. When items with factual content are considered appropriate for more than one target audience, the code is recorded for the highest level appropriate.
# - Unknown or not specified
Target audience for which the material is intended is unknown or is not specified. Used for all original or historical graphic material.
008/22#
24500$aQuantum mechanics.
a - Preschool
Intended for children, approximate ages 0-5 years.
008/22a
24504$aThe Magic color wheel.
b - Primary
Intended for children, approximate ages 6-8 years.
008/22b
24514$aThe alphabet.
c - Pre-adolescent
Intended for young people, approximate ages 9-13.
008/22c
24500$aPearl Harbor$h[motion picture].
d - Adolescent
Intended for young people, approximate ages 14-17.
008/22d
24500$aBuilding of the Panama Canal.
e - Adult
Intended for adults.
008/22e
24500$aSquare dancing :$badvanced level calls.
f - Specialized
Aimed at a particular audience and the nature of the presentation would make the item of little interest to other audiences. Examples include: 1) highly technical training films; 2) items intended for special education of the physically or mentally handicapped; and 3) items which address a limited audience, for example, the employees of a single organization.
008/22f
24500$aProper use of the Scubapro buoyancy compensator$h[videorecording].
[An instructional tape accompanying special equipment]
g - General
Of general interest and not aimed at an audience of a particular intellectual level. Used for fictional works not covered more appropriately by one of the other codes.
008/22g
24500$aTo fly$h[motion picture].
j - Juvenile
Intended for use by children and young people, approximate ages 0-15. Used when a more specific code for the juvenile target audience is not desired.
| - No attempt to code

23-27 - Undefined (006/06-10)
Undefined; each contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).

28 - Government publication (006/11)
One-character alphabetic code that indicates whether the item is published or produced by or for an international, provincial, national, state, or local government agency, or by any subdivision of such a body, and, if so, the jurisdictional level of the agency.
Government bodies and all their subdivisions are treated as government bodies regardless of how they may be entered as headings (i.e., entered under jurisdiction or not). In the bibliographic record, the body does not have to be a main or added entry, but it should be named as publisher, etc. in the publication, distribution, etc. area, or have caused the item to be published (usually inferred when the governmental body is responsible for the content of the work). When in doubt, treat the item as a government publication.
Guidelines for certain types of publications
  • Socialist countries- Since the coding of all items published in socialist countries as government publications would limit the usefulness of this element, coding should be used only for the same type of bodies that would be considered government in a non-socialist country. In coding items in this manner, when in doubt, treat the item as a government publication.
  • Two levels- If an item is published or produced jointly by government agencies at two different levels, record the code for the higher government level.
  • Academic publications- In the U.S., items published by academic institutions are considered government publications if the institutions are created or controlled by a government.
# - Not a government publication
Not published by or for a government body.
008/28#
1102#$aUnited Artists.
008/28#
260##$aNew York :$bTime-Life Books,$c1976.
a - Autonomous or semi-autonomous component
Published or produced by or for a government body of an autonomous or semi-autonomous component of a country.
008/28a
1101#$aSabah.
c - Multilocal
Published or produced by or for a multilocal jurisdiction which is defined as a regional combination of jurisdictions below the state level.
008/28c
1102#$aWashington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority.
f - Federal/national
Published or produced by or for a federal or national government body, e.g., a sovereign nation, such as Canada. Used for the governments of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. Code f is also used for American Indian tribes.
008/28f
1101#$aUnited States.$bNational Park Service.
i - International intergovernmental
Published or produced by or for an international intergovernmental body.
008/28i
1102#$aOrganization of American States.
l - Local
Published or produced by or for a local government jurisdiction such as a county, city, town, etc.
008/28l
1101#$aZanesville (Ohio)
m - Multistate
Published or produced by or for a regional combination of jurisdictions at the state, provincial, territorial, etc. level.
008/28m
1102#$aTennessee Valley Authority.
o - Government publication-level undetermined
Published or produced by or for a government body but that the jurisdictional level cannot be determined.
s - State, provincial, territorial, dependent, etc.
Jurisdictional level of the government body is a state, province, territory, etc.
008/28s
1101#$aPuerto Rico.$bLegislative Assembly.
u - Unknown if item is government publication
Whether or not the item is published or produced by or for a government agency is unknown.
z - Other
None of the other defined codes are appropriate.
| - No attempt to code

29 - Form of item (006/12)
One-character alphabetic code that specifies the form of material.
# - None of the following
None of the other defined codes are appropriate.
a - Microfilm
b - Microfiche
c - Microopaque
d - Large print
f - Braille
o - Online
The resource is accessed by means of hardware and software connections to a communications network. If a distinction between types of electronic resources is not necessary, code s can be used as a generic code for any form of electronic resource.
q - Direct electronic
Storage on a directly accessible tangible recording medium, e.g. disc, tape, playaway device, flashdrive, portable hard drive, etc. If a distinction between types of electronic resources is not necessary, code s can be used as a generic code for any form of electronic resource.
r - Regular print reproduction
Eye-readable print, such as a photocopy.
s - Electronic
Intended for manipulation by a computer. May reside in a carrier accessed either directly or remotely, in some cases requiring the use of peripheral devices attached to the computer (e.g., a CD-ROM player). Not used for items that do not require the use of a computer (e.g., music compact discs, videodiscs). This code can be used as a generic code for any form of electronic resource. Codes o and q may be used if there is a need to separately identify online and direct electronic resources.
| - No attempt to code

30-32 - Undefined (006/13-15)
Undefined; each contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).

33 - Type of visual material (006/16)
One-character alphabetic code that indicates the type of visual material being described.
a - Art original
Two or three-dimensional work of art created by an artist, for example, a sculpture, as contrasted with a reproduction of it.
008/33a
24514$a[La gioconda]$h[art original] =$b[Mona Lisa].
b - Kit
Mixture of components from two or more categories, that is, sound recording, maps, filmstrips, etc., no one of which is the predominant constituent of the item.
Also includes the packages of material called laboratory kits, and packages of assorted materials, such as a set of K-12 social studies curriculum material (all books, workbooks, guides, activities, etc.) or packages of educational test materials (tests, answer sheets, scoring guides, score charts, interpretative manuals, etc.).
008/33b
24500$a200 ans d'opéra, La Scala$h[kit] ...
500##$aIssued in box (63 x 48 x8 cm.) containing 1 vol. (166, [156] p. : ill. ; 31 cm.), 6 sound discs (33 1/3 rpm, mono. ; 12 in. in case), 4 dioramas (47 pieces : col.), 4 souvenir booklets (12 p. each : ill. ; 15 cm. in case), and 2 art reproductions (photogravure, col. ; 60 x 45 cm.).
c - Art reproduction
Two or three-dimensional mechanically reproduced copy of a work of art, generally as one of a commercial edition.
008/33c
24510$a[Breezing up]$h[art reproduction].
d - Diorama
Three-dimensional representation of a scene created by placing objects, figures, etc. in front of a two-dimensional background.
008/33d
24500$aCrèche de Noël$h[diorama].
f - Filmstrip
Length of film containing a succession of images intended for projection one frame at a time with or without recorded sound.
008/33f
24500$aWord processing$h[filmstrip]$can audiovisual production of the Robert C. Brady Co.
g - Game
Item or set of items designed for play according to prescribed rules and intended for recreation or instruction. Code g includes puzzles and simulations.
008/33g
24504$aThe Fable game$h[game].
i - Picture
Two-dimensional visual representation accessible to the naked eye and generally on an opaque backing.
008/33i
24503$a[A Rainbow over the Grand Canyon]$h[picture].
k - Graphic
Used for original or historical graphic material.
008/33k
1001#$aGilpin, Laura,$ephotographer.
24515$a[The prelude]$h[graphic].
l - Technical drawing
Cross section, detail, diagram, elevation, perspective, plan, working plan, etc., made for use in an architectural engineering or other technical context.
008/33l
24500$a[Cross section of west stairway]$h[technical drawing].
m - Motion picture
Series of still pictures on film with or without sound, designed to be projected in rapid succession to produce the optical effect of motion.
008/33m
24500$aLeaving the freeway$h[motion picture].
n - Chart
Opaque sheet that exhibits data in graphic or tabular form (e.g., a calendar).
008/33n
24500$a[Periodic table]$h[chart].
o - Flash card
Card or other opaque material printed with words, numerals, or pictures and designed for rapid display. Activity cards are included in this category.
008/33o
24500$aGerman$h[flash card].
p - Microscope slide
Transparent mount, usually glass, containing a minute object to be viewed through a microscope or microprojector.
008/33p
24500$a[Onion skin]$h[microscope slide].
q - Model
Three-dimensional representation of a real thing, either of the exact size of the original or to scale.
008/33q
24500$aSolar system simulator$h[model].
r - Realia
Includes 1) all other three-dimensional items not covered by the other codes (e.g., clothing, stitchery, fabrics, tools, utensils), and 2) naturally occurring objects.
008/33r
24500$a[Sea shell]$h[realia].
s - Slide
Transparent material on which there is a two-dimensional image, usually held in a mount, and designed for use in a projector or viewer. Modern stereographs, for example, Viewmaster reels, are included here.
008/33s
24500$aStreet paintings of Los Angeles$h[slide].
t - Transparency
Transparent material on which a basically still image is recorded. Transparencies are designed for use with an overhead projector or a light box. X-rays are coded as transparencies.
008/33t
24504$aThe Electromagnetic spectrum$h[transparency].
v - Videorecording
Recording on which visual images, usually in motion and accompanied by sound, have been registered. Videorecordings are designed for playback by means of a television receiver or monitor.
008/33v
24500$aRadio processing--a short story history of processors$h[videorecording].
w - Toy
Material object for children or others to play with (often an imitation of some familiar object); a plaything; also, something contrived for amusement rather than for practical use.
008/33w
24500$a[Yoyo]$h[toy].
z - Other
None of the other defined codes are appropriate.
| - No attempt to code

34 - Technique (006/17)
One-character alphabetic code that indicates the technique used in creating motion in motion pictures or videorecordings.
a - Animation
Animated films are produced using a variety of techniques including 1) cartoons; 2) graphic film (with paint or other media directly applied to the surface of the film); 3) model, clay, or puppet animation (where three-dimensional objects are photographed one frame at a time to achieve the effect of animation); and 4) other techniques.
008/34a
24500$aClosed Mondays$h[motion picture].
520##$aUses clay animation ...
c - Animation and live action
Combination of animation and live action. Used when there is some indication elsewhere in the cataloging record that there are animated sequences. This information may appear in a Summary note (field 520) or in a Credits note (field 508).
008/34c
24500$aNarcissus$h[motion picture].
520##$aThrough optical imagery shows the beauty of traditional ballet. Live action and animation are used ...
l - Live action
If no information is found in the cataloging record and accompanying material that indicates otherwise, it is assumed that the motion picture or videorecording is live action.
008/34l
24500$aAnnie Hall$h[motion picture] ...
n - Not applicable
Item is not a motion picture or a videorecording.
u - Unknown
Technique for creating motion is unknown.
z - Other
Primarily of special techniques which are neither animation nor live action. These include microcinematography, time lapse cinematography, trick cinematography, and other techniques. Code z is also used for videorecordings and motion pictures which were made from still image slide sets or filmstrips without adding animation to the images.
008/34z
24500$aCloud formation$h[motion picture].
520##$aUses time-lapse photography to show actual cloud formation in the earth's atmosphere.
| - No attempt to code

INPUT CONVENTIONS

Capitalization - Alphabetic codes are input in lowercase.
Field length - Field 008 should always consist of forty (40) character positions.



NOTE
  • This article is a Stub. It will be expanded to achieve the level of a proper encyclopedia article. 

REFERENCES
  1. Library of Congress. MARC Standards https://www.loc.gov/marc/bibliographic/bd008v.html (accessed October 12, 2017)

SEE ALSO

AUTHOR

HISTORY
  • Written: 2015-10-12

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