Thursday, October 8, 2015

008 - Music (NR)

MARC 21


Indicators and Subfield Codes

Field has no indicators or subfield codes; the data elements are positionally defined.
Character Positions
18-19 - Form of composition (006/01-02)
an - Anthems
bd - Ballads
bg - Bluegrass music
bl - Blues
bt - Ballets
ca - Chaconnes
cb - Chants, Other religions
cc - Chant, Christian
cg - Concerti grossi
ch - Chorales
cl - Chorale preludes
cn - Canons and rounds
co - Concertos
cp - Chansons, polyphonic
cr - Carols
cs - Chance compositions
ct - Cantatas
cy - Country music
cz - Canzonas
df - Dance forms
dv - Divertimentos, serenades, cassations, divertissements, and notturni
fg - Fugues
fl - Flamenco
fm - Folk music
ft - Fantasias
gm - Gospel music
hy - Hymns
jz - Jazz
mc - Musical revues and comedies
md - Madrigals
mi - Minuets
mo - Motets
mp - Motion picture music
mr - Marches
ms - Masses
mu - Multiple forms
mz - Mazurkas
nc - Nocturnes
nn - Not applicable
op - Operas
or - Oratorios
ov - Overtures
pg - Program music
pm - Passion music
po - Polonaises
pp - Popular music
pr - Preludes
ps - Passacaglias
pt - Part-songs
pv - Pavans
rc - Rock music
rd - Rondos
rg - Ragtime music
ri - Ricercars
rp - Rhapsodies
rq - Requiems
sd - Square dance music
sg - Songs
sn - Sonatas
sp - Symphonic poems
st - Studies and exercises
su - Suites
sy - Symphonies
tc - Toccatas
tl - Teatro lirico
ts - Trio-sonatas
uu - Unknown
vi - Villancicos
vr - Variations
wz - Waltzes
za - Zarzuelas
zz - Other
|| - No attempt to code
20 - Format of music (006/03)
a - Full score
b - Miniature or study score
c - Accompaniment reduced for keyboard
d - Voice score with accompaniment omitted
e - Condensed score or piano-conductor score
g - Close score
h - Chorus score
i - Condensed score
j - Performer-conductor part
k - Vocal score
l - Score
m - Multiple score formats
n - Not applicable
p - Piano score
u - Unknown
z - Other
| - No attempt to code
21 - Music parts (006/04)
# - No parts in hand or not specified
d - Instrumental and vocal parts
e - Instrumental parts
f - Vocal parts
n - Not applicable
u - Unknown
| - No attempt to code
22 - Target audience (006/05)
# - Unknown or unspecified
a - Preschool
b - Primary
c - Pre-adolescent
d - Adolescent
e - Adult
f - Specialized
g - General
j - Juvenile
| - No attempt to code
23 - Form of item (006/06)
# - None of the following
a - Microfilm
b - Microfiche
c - Microopaque
d - Large print
f - Braille
o - Online
q - Direct electronic
r - Regular print reproduction
s - Electronic
| - No attempt to code
24-29 - Accompanying matter (006/07-12)
# - No accompanying matter
a - Discography
b - Bibliography
c - Thematic index
d - Libretto or text
e - Biography of composer or author
f - Biography of performer or history of ensemble
g - Technical and/or historical information on instruments
h - Technical information on music
i - Historical information
k - Ethnological information
r - Instructional materials
s - Music
z - Other
| - No attempt to code
30-31 - Literary text for sound recordings (006/13-14)
# - Item is a music sound recording
a - Autobiography
b - Biography
c - Conference proceedings
d - Drama
e - Essays
f - Fiction
g - Reporting
h - History
i - Instruction
j - Language instruction
k - Comedy
l - Lectures, speeches
m - Memoirs
n - Not applicable
o - Folktales
p - Poetry
r - Rehearsals
s - Sounds
t - Interviews
z - Other
| - No attempt to code
32 - Undefined (006/15)
33 - Transposition and arrangement (006/16)
# - Not arrangement or transposition or not specified
a - Transposition
b - Arrangement
c - Both transposed and arranged
n - Not applicable
u - Unknown
| - No attempt to code
34 - Undefined (006/17)

FIELD DEFINITION AND SCOPE

Music definition of field 008/18-34 is used when Leader/06 (Type of record) contains code c (Notated music), d (Manuscript notated music), i (Nonmusical sound recording), or j (Musical sound recording). Field 008 positions 01-17 and 35-39 are defined the same in all 008 fields and are described in the 008-All materials section.
Field 008/18-34 correspond to equivalent positionally defined data elements in field 006/01-17 when field 006/00 (Form of material) contains code c (Notated music), d (Manuscript notated music), i (Nonmusical sound recording), or j (Musical sound recording). Details about specific codes defined for the equivalent character positions in field 006 and 008 for music are provided in the Guidelines for Applying Content Designators of 008-Music section only.

GUIDELINES FOR APPLYING CONTENT DESIGNATORS

 CHARACTER POSITIONS

18-19 - Form of composition (006/01-02)
Two-character alphabetic code that indicates the form of composition. Codes are based on Library of Congress subject headings. If more than one code is appropriate, the code mu (Multiple forms) is used in 008/18-19 and all appropriate specific codes are given in field 047 (Form of Composition). Code mu (Multiple forms) may also signify that field 047 (Form of Composition) contains non-MARC composition codes.
Form of composition code is based on the terminology in the work itself and is intended to provide a coded approach to the content of the work. In addition to codes for forms, the list also includes codes for musical genres (e.g., Ragtime music). Codes should be assigned when they apply to the item as a whole (e.g., if the item is a symphony and one of the movements is in sonata form, only the code for symphonies is recorded). Codes for which special information is needed for proper application are described below. Other codes are described in music reference sources. Non music sound recordings do not have a form of composition and are coded nn (Not applicable).
an - Anthems
bd - Ballads
bg - Bluegrass music
bl - Blues
bt - Ballets
ca - Chaconnes
cb - Chants, Other religions
cc - Chant, Christian
cg - Concerti grossi
ch - Chorales
cl - Chorale preludes
cn - Canons and rounds
Used for canons and rounds (i.e., compositions employing strict imitation throughout).
co - Concertos
cp - Chansons, polyphonic
cr - Carols
cs - Chance compositions
ct - Cantatas
cy - Country music
cz - Canzonas
Used for instrumental music that is designated as a canzona.
df - Dance forms
Includes music for individual dances except for mazurkas, minuets, pavans, polonaises, and waltzes, which have separate codes.
dv - Divertimentos, serenades, cassations, divertissements, and notturni
Used for instrumental music designated as a divertimento, serenade, cassation, divertissement, or a notturno.
fg - Fugues
fl - Flamenco
Generic term which refers to all the Flamenco styles, or "palos", and to other forms of song and dance coming from the folkloric tradition of Spanish gypsies.
fm - Folk music
Used for folk music and includes folk songs, etc.
ft - Fantasias
Includes instrumental music designated as fantasia, fancies, fantasies, etc.
gm - Gospel music
hy - Hymns
jz - Jazz
mc - Musical revues and comedies
md - Madrigals
mi - Minuets
mo - Motets
mp - Motion picture music
mr - Marches
ms - Masses
mu - Multiple forms
mz - Mazurkas
nc - Nocturnes
nn - Not applicable
Form of composition is not applicable to the item. Used for any item that is a non-music sound recording.
op - Operas
or - Oratorios
ov - Overtures
pg - Program music
pm - Passion music
po - Polonaises
pp - Popular music
pr - Preludes
ps - Passacaglias
Includes all types of ostinato basses.
pt - Part-songs
pv - Pavans
rc - Rock music
rd - Rondos
rg - Ragtime music
ri - Ricercars
rp - Rhapsodies
rq - Requiems
sd - Square dance music
sg - Songs
sn - Sonatas
sp - Symphonic poems
st - Studies and exercises
Used only when the work is intended for teaching purposes (usually entitled Studies, Etudes, etc.).
su - Suites
sy - Symphonies
tc - Toccatas
tl - Teatro lirico
Used for a large number of more specific terms which describe Spanish and Spanish American theatre music: "tonadilla escénica", "fiestas de música", "sainetes líricos", "entremeses cómico-lírico," etc.
ts - Trio-sonatas
uu - Unknown
Used when the only indication given is the number of instruments and the medium of performance. No structure or genre is given, although they may be implied or understood.
vi - Villancicos
Characteristic form of Spanish polyphony, religious or secular, from the 16th to 18th centuries. Religious villancicos were usually sung in important ceremonies (including Christmas, when these songs were sometimes called “pastoradas”).
vr - Variations
wz - Waltzes
za - Zarzuelas
Term applicable to all musical plays taking that name, from the “fiestas de zarzuela” of the 17th/18th-centuries to the so-called “zarzuela moderna” (“modern zarzuela”) from the mid 19th to the mid 20th-century.
zz - Other
None of the other defined codes are appropriate (e.g., incidental music, electronic music, etc.).
|| - No attempt to code

20 - Format of music (006/03)
One-character code that indicates the format of a musical composition (e.g., piano-conductor score). Unless otherwise indicated, the values apply to music written using graphic, symbolic (e.g., staff), or word-based notation.
Information for this data element is generally derived from terms appearing in field 300 (Physical Description). If the item being cataloged consists of one or more scores along with other materials (e.g., one or more parts), consider only the score or scores in coding this character position. Used for notated music; for sound recordings, use code n (Not applicable).
a - Full score
Staff notation representing the sounds of all the parts of an ensemble (instrumental and/or vocal), arranged so that they can be read simultaneously. Note: code l (Score) may be used for works recorded with graphic, symbolic (e.g., staff), or word-based notation representing the sounds of all the parts of an ensemble, arranged so that they can be read simultaneously, or a work for solo performer or electronic media.
008/20a
300##$a1 score (11 p.) ...
b - Miniature or study score
Score issued in a musical image of small size, usually reduced from a larger original, and not primarily intended for use in performance.
008/20b
300##$a1 miniature score ...
c - Accompaniment reduced for keyboard
Score with instrumental accompaniment reduced for keyboard(s). For chorus scores and vocal scores prefer codes h (Chorus score) and k (Vocal score).
008/20c
300##$a1 score (36 p.) + 1 part ...
[Accompaniment reduced for keyboard]
d - Voice score with accompaniment omitted
Score for solo and/or choral voice(s) with the accompaniment omitted. Vocal works originally unaccompanied are assigned other codes as appropriate. For chorus scores and vocal scores, prefer codes h (Chorus score) and k (Vocal score).
008/20d
300##$a1 vocal score ...
[Accompaniment omitted]
e - Condensed score or piano-conductor score
Orchestral or band music that has been reduced. It may be part of an ensemble work for a particular instrument, with cues for other instruments. Such a score is used by an individual playing the instrument for which the score was written or for the conductor. Prefer code i (Condensed score) or code j (Performer-conductor part) if the two types of scores can be distinguished.
008/20e
300##$a1 condensed score ...
g - Close score
Score (e.g., a hymnal) that has separate parts transcribed in condensed form.
008/20g
300##$a1 close score ...
h - Chorus score
Score of a work for solo voices and chorus showing only the parts for chorus, with the instrumental accompaniment either arranged for keyboard(s) or other chordal instrument(s) or omitted. Note: see code k (Vocal score) for scores that include solo voices as well as chorus parts.
i - Condensed score
Score in which the number of staves is reduced to two or a few, generally organized by instrumental sections or vocal parts, and often with cues for individual parts. Sometimes called: Reduced score, Short score.
j - Performer-conductor part
A performance part for a single instrument in an ensemble, with cues for the other instruments that enable the performer of that part also to conduct.
k - Vocal score
Score showing all vocal parts, solo and/or choral, with the instrumental accompaniment either arranged for keyboard(s) or other chordal instrument(s) or omitted. Note: see code h (Chorus score) for scores of works for solo voices and chorus that include only chorus parts. See code p (Piano score) for reductions of vocal works that do not include the vocal line(s).
l - Score
Graphical, symbolic (e.g., staff), or word-based musical notation representing the sounds of all the parts of an ensemble, or a work for solo performer or electronic media. Do not confuse with Part.
m - Multiple score formats
Several types of scores are issued together, as is frequently the case with band music.
008/20m
300##$a1 score (23 p.) :$bill. ;$c30 cm. +$a1 piano conductor part (8 p.)
n - Not applicable
Item is a sound recording.
008/20n
300##$a1 sound disc ...
p - Piano score
A reduction of an instrumental work or a vocal work with instruments to a version for piano. May include the words of a vocal work. Note: See code k (Vocal score) for a score showing all vocal parts with the accompaniment reduced for piano.
u - Unknown
Format of the item is unknown.
z - Other
None of the other defined codes is appropriate. Choir books, table books, and sets of parts are examples for which code z is appropriate.
008/20z
300##$a42 p. of music ...
008/20z
300##$aFor voice ...
008/20z
300##$a4 parts ...
| - No attempt to code

21 - Music parts (006/04)
One character code that indicates whether the item being cataloged is, or contains parts. This position is not used to indicate that parts may exist elsewhere.
# - No parts in hand or not specified
No parts in hand or the musical parts are not specified.
d - Instrumental and vocal parts
Both instrumental and vocal parts are present.
e - Instrumental parts
Instrumental parts are present.
f - Vocal parts
Vocal parts are present.
n - Not applicable
Item is not notated music.
u - Unknown
Unknown whether the item being cataloged contains parts. May be used for records created without examining the item, such as retrospective conversion from a printed card.
| - No attempt to code

22 - Target audience (006/05)
One-character alphabetic code that describes the intellectual level of the target audience for which the material is intended
Used primarily to identify music to be used or performed by a specific target audience. When items are considered appropriate for more than one target audience, the code is recorded for the primary target audience. For juvenile material, either code j (Juvenile) or the more specific codes a (Preschool), b (Primary), or c (Pre-adolescent) are used. An item considered juvenile material often includes the word juvenile in its subject heading(s).
# - Unknown or unspecified
Target audience for item is not specified or is unknown.
008/22#
24514$aDas Münchner Kammerorchester spielt Werke ...
650#0$aString-orchestra music.
a - Preschool
Intended for children, approximate ages 0-5 years.
b - Primary
Intended for children, approximate ages 6-8 years.
c - Pre-adolescent
Intended for young people, approximate ages 9-13.
d - Adolescent
Intended for young people, approximate ages 14-17.
e - Adult
Intended for adults.
008/22e
24512$aA little night music$h[sound recording].
f - Specialized
Aimed at a particular audience and the nature of the presentation would make the item of little interest to other audiences. Examples of items which are coded f included: 1) technical sound recordings geared to a specialized audience and 2) items which address a limited audience.
g - General
Of general interest and not aimed at a particular target audience. Used for items that are not covered more appropriately by one of the other codes.
j - Juvenile
Intended for use by children and young people, approximate ages 0-15. Used when a more specific code for the juvenile target audience is not desired.
008/22j
650#0$aVioloncello and piano music$xJuvenile$vScores and parts.
| - No attempt to code

23 - Form of item (006/06)
One-character alphabetic code that specifies the form of material for the item being described.
# - None of the following
Not specified by one of the other codes.
a - Microfilm
b - Microfiche
008/23b
300##$a14 microfiche ;$c10 x 15 cm.
c - Microopaque
d - Large print
f - Braille
008/23f
2500#$aBraille score ed.
o - Online
The resource is accessed by means of hardware and software connections to a communications network. If a distinction between types of electronic resources is not necessary, code s can be used as a generic code for any form of electronic resource.
q - Direct electronic
Storage on a directly accessible tangible recording medium, e.g. disc, tape, playaway device, flashdrive, portable hard drive, etc. If a distinction between types of electronic resources is not necessary, code s can be used as a generic code for any form of electronic resource.
r - Regular print reproduction
Eye-readable print, such as a photocopy.
008/23r
500##$aPhotocopy of the original score composed in 1877.
s - Electronic
Intended for manipulation by a computer. The item may reside in a carrier accessed either directly or remotely, in some cases requiring the use of peripheral devices attached to the computer (e.g., a CD-ROM player). Not used for items that do not require the use of a computer (e.g., music compact discs, videodiscs). This code can be used as a generic code for any form of electronic resource. Codes o and q may be used if there is a need to separately identify online and direct electronic resources.
| - No attempt to code

24-29 - Accompanying matter (006/07-12)
Up to six one-character alphabetic codes (recorded in alphabetical order) that indicate the contents of program notes and other accompanying material for sound recording, music manuscripts, or notated music. If fewer than six codes are assigned, the codes are left justified and each unused position contains a blank (#).
Generally, a specific code is used only if a significant part of the accompanying material is the type of material represented by the code. If more than six codes are appropriate to an item, only the six most important are recorded.
# - No accompanying matter
No accompanying matter or no indication of accompanying matter appears on the item. When # is used it is followed by five other blanks.
008/24-29######
[No accompanying matter indicated]
a - Discography
Accompanying matter contains a discography or other bibliography of recorded sound.
b - Bibliography
Accompanying matter contains a bibliography.
008/24-29b#####
504##$aBibliography: p. 303-304.
c - Thematic index
Accompanying matter contains a thematic index.
d - Libretto or text
Accompanying matter contains a printed transcription of the libretto or other text (e.g., a transcript of verbal contents of a sound recording).
008/24-29dz####
500##$aWords of the songs and poster inserted in container.
e - Biography of composer or author
Accompanying matter contains significant biographical information on a composer or author.
f - Biography of performer or history of ensemble
Accompanying matter contains significant biographical information on a performer or a history of an ensemble.
008/24-29f#####
500##$aProgram notes by John W. Barker and biographical notes on the pianist on container.
g - Technical and/or historical information on instruments
Accompanying matter contains technical and/or historical information on instruments.
008/24-29fgz###
500##$aProgram notes and notes on the horn by R.D. Dattell and biographical notes on the soloist on container.
h - Technical information on music
Accompanying matter contains significant technical information, including instructions for performance.
008/24-29h#####
500##$aIncludes instructions for performance.
i - Historical information
Accompanying matter contains significant historical information.
008/24-29i#####
500##$aProgram notes by Kurt Hoffman in German, English, and French on container. [principally historical information]
k - Ethnological information
Accompanying matter contains significant ethnological information that relates to the musical part of the item.
r - Instructional materials
Accompanying matter contains instructional materials.
008/24-29r#####
300##$a ... +$e1 teacher's guide.
s - Music
Accompanying matter contains a score or other music format than that of the main item.
z - Other
Accompanying matter for which none of the other defined codes are appropriate.
008/24-29dfz###
500##$aProgram notes by Uwe Kraemer, biographical notes on the performers, notes on the recording process, synopsis, and libretto with English translation ([24] p. ill.) laid in container.
| - No attempt to code

30-31 - Literary text for sound recordings (006/13-14)
Up to two one-character codes (recorded in the order of the following list) that indicate the type of literary text contained in a nonmusical sound recording. If only one code is assigned, it is left justified and the unused position contains a blank (#).
If more than two codes for types of literary text are appropriate to an item, only the two most important are recorded.
# - Item is a music sound recording
When # is used it is followed by another blank (##).
008/30-31##
24510$aBolero$h[sound recording] /$cMaurice Ravel.
a - Autobiography
b - Biography
c - Conference proceedings
008/30-31lc
24500$aModern real estate transactions.
500##$aPanel discussions, lectures, and questions and answers.
d - Drama
e - Essays
f - Fiction
Fiction includes novels, short stories, etc.
g - Reporting
Reports of newsworthy events and informative messages are included in this category.
h - History
History includes historical narration, etc. that may also be covered by one of the other codes (e.g., historical poetry).
008/30-31ht
24500$aInside the Onaway command post$h[sound recording] /$cwith...
520##$aSummary: An oral history.
i - Instruction
Includes instructions on how to accomplish a task, learn an art, etc. (e.g., how to replace a light switch). Note: Language instruction text is assigned code j.
j - Language instruction
May include passages that fall under the definition for one of the other codes (e.g., language text that includes poetry).
k - Comedy
Spoken comedy.
l - Lectures, speeches
008/30-31l#
500##$aLectures.
m - Memoirs
Memoirs are usually autobiographical.
n - Not applicable
Not a sound recording (e.g., printed or manuscript music).
o - Folktales
p - Poetry
008/30-31pf
24500$aPoésies et prose françaises ...
r - Rehearsals
Rehearsals are performances of any of a variety of nonmusical productions.
s - Sounds
Includes nonmusical utterances and vocalizations that may or may not convey meaning.
t - Interviews
z - Other
None of the other defined codes are appropriate.
| - No attempt to code

32 - Undefined (006/15)
Undefined; contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).

33 - Transposition and arrangement (006/16)
Whether all or part of the item being cataloged is a transposition and/or arrangement of another work.
# - Not arrangement or transposition or not specified
Not arrangements or the transposition of the item is not specified.
a - Transposition
Item has been transposed to a different pitch from the original.
b - Arrangement
Item has been adapted as regards medium and/or texture.
c - Both transposed and arranged
Item has been both transposed to a different pitch from the original and has been adapted as regards medium and/or texture.
n - Not applicable
Item is not notated music.
u - Unknown
Unknown whether the item is a transposition or arrangement.
| - No attempt to code

34 - Undefined (006/17)
Undefined; contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).

INPUT CONVENTIONS

Capitalization - Alphabetic codes are input in lowercase.
Field length - Field 008 should always consist of forty (40) character positions.



NOTE
  • This article is a Stub. It will be expanded to achieve the level of a proper encyclopedia article. 

REFERENCES
  1. Library of Congress. MARC Standards https://www.loc.gov/marc/bibliographic/bd008m.html (accessed October 08, 2017)

SEE ALSO

AUTHOR

HISTORY
  • Written: 2017-10-09

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