Thursday, October 8, 2015

008 - Computer Files (NR)

MARC 21



Indicators and Subfield Codes

Field has no indicators or subfield codes; the data elements are positionally defined.
Character Positions
18-21 - Undefined (006/01-04)
# - Undefined
| - No attempt to code
22 - Target audience (006/05)
# - Unknown or not specified
a - Preschool
b - Primary
c - Pre-adolescent
d - Adolescent
e - Adult
f - Specialized
g - General
j - Juvenile
| - No attempt to code
23 - Form of item (006/06)
# - Unknown or not specified
o - Online
q - Direct electronic
| - No attempt to code
24-25 - Undefined (006/07-08)
# - Undefined
| - No attempt to code
26 - Type of computer file (006/09)
a - Numeric data
b - Computer program
c - Representational
d - Document
e - Bibliographic data
f - Font
g - Game
h - Sound
i - Interactive multimedia
j - Online system or service
m - Combination
u - Unknown
z - Other
| - No attempt to code
27 - Undefined (006/10)
# - Undefined
| - No attempt to code
28 - Government publication (006/11)
# - Not a government publication
a - Autonomous or semi-autonomous component
c - Multilocal
f - Federal/national
i - International intergovernmental
l - Local
m - Multistate
o - Government publication-level undetermined
s - State, provincial, territorial, dependent, etc.
u - Unknown if item is government publication
z - Other
| - No attempt to code
29-34 - Undefined (006/12-17)
# - Undefined
| - No attempt to code

FIELD DEFINITION AND SCOPE

Computer files definition of field 008/18-34 is used when Leader/06 (Type of record) contains code m. Field 008 positions 01-17 and 35-39 are defined the same in all 008 fields and are described in the 008-All materials section.
Field 008/18-34 correspond to equivalent positionally defined data elements in field 006/01-17 when field 006/00 (Form of material) contains code m (Computer file/Electronic resource). Details about specific codes defined for the equivalent character positions in field 006 and 008 for computer files are provided in the Guidelines for Applying Content Designators section of 008-Computer files only.

GUIDELINES FOR APPLYING CONTENT DESIGNATORS

 CHARACTER POSITIONS

18-21 - Undefined (006/01-04)
Four undefined character positions; each contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).

22 - Target audience (006/05)
One-character alphabetic code indicates the target audience for which the material is intended.
Used primarily for educational electronic materials. When items with factual content are considered appropriate for more than one target audience, the code is recorded for the primary target audience.
If the record has both reading grade and interest age information present in the 521 (Target Audience Note) field, 008/22 is coded based on the interest age information.
# - Unknown or not specified
Target audience for which the material is intended is unknown or is not specified.
008/22#
24510$aMacPoint$h[electronic resource] /$cwritten by Bill Atkinson.
a - Preschool
Intended for children, approximate ages 0-5 years.
008/22a
24500$aSesame Street letters for you$h[electronic resource].
b - Primary
Intended for children, approximate ages 6-8 years.
008/22b
24510$aAlphabet zoo$h[electronic resource].
c - Pre-adolescent
Intended for young people, approximate ages 9-13.
008/22c
24510$aEating for good health$h[electronic resource] /$cwritten by Del Surette.
d - Adolescent
Intended for young people, approximate ages 14-17.
008/22d
24510$aBumble plot$h[electronic resource] /$cby Leslie Grimm ; artist, Corinne.
e - Adult
Intended for adults.
008/22e
24500$aMaInTax 1985$h[electronic resource] /$cdeveloped by Michael W. Morgan ...
f - Specialized
Aimed at a particular audience and the nature of the presentation would make the item of little interest to other audiences. Examples of items which are coded f include: 1) technical software geared to a very specialized audience and 2) items which address a limited audience, for example, the employees of a single organization.
008/22f
24500$aDimensional analysis$h[electronic resource] :$bengineering software ...
g - General
Of general interest and not aimed at an audience of a particular intellectual level. Used for fictional works that are not covered more appropriately by one of the other codes.
008/22g
24500$a[Lode runner]$h[electronic resource].
j - Juvenile
Intended for use by children and young people, approximate ages 0-15. Used when one does not want to more specifically code for the juvenile target audience.
008/22j
24500$aEasy color paint$h[electronic resource].
| - No attempt to code

23 - Form of item (006/06)
One-character alphabetic code that specifies the form of material for the item.
# - Unknown or not specified
o - Online
The resource is accessed by means of hardware and software connections to a communications network.
q - Direct electronic
Storage on a directly accessible tangible recording medium, e.g. disc, tape, playaway device, flashdrive, portable hard drive, etc.
| - No attempt to code

24-25 - Undefined (006/07-08)
Two undefined character positions; each contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).

26 - Type of computer file (006/09)
One-character alphabetic code that indicates the type of computer file described in the bibliographic record.
Specific type of electronic resource is also described in textual form in field 516 (Type of Computer File or Data Note).
a - Numeric data
Mostly numbers or representation by numbers, such as records containing all information on student test scores, all information on football team statistics, etc. Information may be original surveys and/or information that has been summarized or statistically manipulated.
008/26a
516##$aNumeric data
b - Computer program
Ordered set of instructions directing the computer to perform basic operations and identifying the information and mechanisms required. Includes videogames and microcomputer software and computer models. Some types of computer programs (e.g., game, font) are identified by separate codes in this character position.
008/26b
516##$aComputer programs
c - Representational
Pictorial or graphic information that can be manipulated in conjunction with other types of files to produce graphic patterns that can be used to interpret and give meaning to the information.
Does not include a document in image format.
008/26c
516##$aGraphic data (Architectural drawings)
d - Document
Textual, consisting mostly of alphabetic information (words or sentences) converted into a coded format that can be processed, sorted, and manipulated by machine, and then retrieved in many optional formats. Includes language material intended to constitute a textual document, whether represented as ASCII or image data. Includes both single bibliographic entities or a collection of bibliographic entities. Documents whose primary purpose is textual, even if search software is present, are coded here.
008/26d
516##$aText (Law reports and digests)
e - Bibliographic data
Data with bibliographic citations. Includes data from library catalogs or citation databases. The data may be in a structured or unstructured form. Search software may be present, but the purpose of the record is description of the content of the bibliographic data or database, rather than description of the online system or service.
008/26e
516##$aLibrary catalog
f - Font
Information for a computer to produce fonts.
008/26f
516##$aFonts (Bitmapped and PostScript)
g - Game
Intended for recreational or educational use. Generally games consist of text and software. A videogame is included here.
008/26g
516##$aComputer game
h - Sound
Data encoding sounds producible by the computer.
008/26h
516##$aAudio data (Digital audio file)
i - Interactive multimedia
Supports navigation through and manipulation of many kinds of media (i.e., audio, video, etc.). Interactive multimedia usually gives the user a high level of control, often allowing almost conversational interaction with the computer and data.
j - Online system or service
May contain nonbibliographic information. An online system or service supports system-based user interaction. If the focus of the record is to describe the system itself, with the content of the databases incidental contained therein, it is coded here. If the resource is an online file where the system is incidental to the description, it falls into another category. Examples of online systems or services are: online library systems (consisting of a variety of databases), FTP sites, electronic bulletin boards, network information centers.
008/26j
516##$aCampus-wide information system
m - Combination
Combination of two or more of the above types of files.
008/26m
516##$aComputer programs and text files
u - Unknown
Type of file is unknown.
008/26u
z - Other
None of the other defined codes are appropriate.
008/26z
516##$aMailing list
| - No attempt to code

27 - Undefined (006/10)
Undefined; contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).

28 - Government publication (006/11)
One-character alphabetic code that indicates whether the computer file is published or produced by or for an international, national, provincial, state, or local government agency (including intergovermental bodies of all types), any subdivision of such a body and, if so, the jurisdictional level of the agency.
Government bodies and all their subdivisions are treated as government bodies regardless of how they may be entered as headings (i.e., entered under jurisdiction or not). In the bibliographic record, the body does not have to be a main or added entry, but it should be named as publisher, etc. in the publication, distribution, etc. area, or have caused the item to be published (usually inferred when the governmental body is responsible for the content of the work). When in doubt, treat the item as a government publication.
Guidelines for certain types of publications
  • Socialist countries- Since the coding of all items published in socialist countries as government publications would limit the usefulness of this element, coding should be used only for the same type of bodies that would be considered government in a non-socialist country. In coding items in this manner, when in doubt, treat the item as a government publication.
  • Two levels- If an item is published or produced jointly by government agencies at two different levels, record the code for the higher government level.
  • Academic publications- In the U.S., items published by academic institutions are considered government publications if the institutions are created or controlled by a government.
# - Not a government publication
Not published by or for a government body.
008/28#
1102#$aSentinel Software Ltd.
008/28#
1300#$aMs. Pac-Man.
a - Autonomous or semi-autonomous component
Published or produced by or for a government body of an autonomous or semi-autonomous component of a country.
008/28a
1101#$aSabah.
c - Multilocal
Published or produced by or for a multilocal jurisdiction which is defined as a regional combination of jurisdictions below the state level.
008/28c
1102#$aHouston Independent School District.
f - Federal/national
Published or produced by or for a federal or national government body, e.g., a sovereign nation, such as Canada. Used for the governments of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. Code f is also used for American Indian tribes.
008/28f
1102#$aCentre national de la recherche scientifique (France)
i - International intergovernmental
Published or produced by or for an international intergovernmental body.
008/28i
1102#$aUnesco.
l - Local
Published or produced by or for a local government jurisdiction such as a county, city, town, etc.
008/28l
1101#$aSchiedam (Netherlands)
m - Multistate
Published or produced by or for a regional combination of jurisdictions at the state, provincial, territorial, etc., level.
008/28m
1102#$aCouncil of State Governments.
o - Government publication-level undetermined
Published or produced by or for a government body but that the jurisdictional level cannot be determined.
s - State, provincial, territorial, dependent, etc.
Jurisdictional level of the government body that published or produced an item is a state, province, territory, etc.
008/28s
1101#$aVirginia.$bDivision of Motor Vehicles.
u - Unknown if item is government publication
Whether or not the item is published or produced by or for a government agency is unknown.
z - Other
None of the other defined codes are appropriate.
| - No attempt to code

29-34 - Undefined (006/12-17)
Six undefined character positions; each contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).

INPUT CONVENTIONS


Capitalization - Alphabetic codes are input in lowercase.
Field length - Field 008 should always consist of forty (40) character positions.

NOTE
  • This article is a Stub. It will be expanded to achieve the level of a proper encyclopedia article. 

REFERENCES
  1. Library of Congress. MARC Standards https://www.loc.gov/marc/bibliographic/bd008c.html (accessed October 08, 2017)

SEE ALSO

AUTHOR

HISTORY
  • Written: 2017-10-09

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