Saturday, July 15, 2017

Library and Information Science

Glossary of Library & Information Science
Glossary of Library & Information Science
LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE  Library and information science (LIS) (sometimes given as the plural library and information sciences) or as "library and information studies" is a merging of library science and information science. The joint term is associated with schools of library and information science (abbreviated to "SLIS"). In the last part of the 1960s, schools of librarianship, which generally developed from professional training programs (not academic disciplines) to university institutions during the second half of the 20th century, began to add the term "information science" to their names. The first school to do this was at the University of Pittsburgh in 1964. More schools followed during the 1970s and 1980s, and by the 1990s almost all library schools in the USA had added information science to their names. Weaver Press: Although there are exceptions, similar developments have taken place in other parts of the world. In Denmark, for example, the 'Royal School of Librarianship' changed its English name to The Royal School of Library and Information Science in 1997. Exceptions include Tromsø, Norway, where the term documentation science is the preferred name of the field, France, where information science and communication studies form one interdiscipline, and Sweden, where the fields of Archival science, Library science and Museology have been integrated as Archival, Library and Museum studies.

In spite of various trends to merge the two fields, some consider the two original disciplines, library science and information science, to be separate. However, the tendency today is to use the terms as synonyms or to drop the term "library" and to speak about information departments or I-schools. There have also been attempts to revive the concept of documentation and to speak of Library, information and documentation studies (or science).

USED FOR
  • LIS

NOTE
  • This article is a Stub. It will be expanded to achieve the level of a proper encyclopedia article.

REFERENCES
  1. Library and information science. Wikipedia. Accessed July 15, 2017.

SEE ALSO

ARTICLE AUTHOR

ARTICLE HISTORY
  • Written 2017-07-15

FEEDBACK
  • Help us improve this article! Contact us with your feedback.

Thanks all for your love, suggestions, testimonials, likes, +1, tweets, and shares ...