Tuesday, December 26, 2017

Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science
Library and Information Science

Contents

  • Library and Information Science
  • Library and Information Science Tweets: Top 10 Excellent Twitter Tweets About Libraries Librarians and Library and Information Science
  • Library and Information Science Infographics: Top 10 Excellent Infographics About Libraries Librarians and Library and Information Science

Wednesday, December 20, 2017

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH)
Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH)
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS SUBJECT HEADINGS (LCSH)  Library of Congress Subject Headings is the list of headings produced from the subject authority file maintained by the United States Library of Congress for use in bibliographic records, and published annually. It is popularly known by its abbreviation as LCSH and is sometimes used interchangeably with the phrase subject authority file.

Sunday, December 10, 2017

COMPASS

COMPASS (Computer Aided Subject System)

COMPASS (COMPUTER AIDED SUBJECT SYSTEM)

PRECIS  was intended to be a complete subject statement in a form suitable for a printed bibliography, and this was not necessarily the best format for online searching.

Saturday, December 9, 2017

BIBFRAME

BIBFRAME (Bibliographic Framework)
BIBFRAME (Bibliographic Framework)
BIBFRAME 

BIBFRAME (Bibliographic Framework) is a data model for bibliographic description. BIBFRAME was designed to replace the MARC standards, and to use linked data principles to make bibliographic data more useful both within and outside the library community.¹ 

Friday, December 8, 2017

What are called the set of norms, percepts, and guides to good practice in librarianship?



QUESTION

What are called the set of norms, percepts, and guides to good practice in librarianship?

(a) Canons of Cataloguing 

(b) Colon Classification

(c) Five Laws

(d) Five Laws of Library Science

Saturday, December 2, 2017

Which was the first Library of Congress Classification (LCC) schedule to be published?



QUESTION

Which was the first Library of Congress Classification (LCC) schedule to be published?

(a) Z (Bibliography and Library Science) 

(b) L (Education)

(c) K (Law)

(d) E-F (American history and geography)

Friday, December 1, 2017

How many entity groups does FRBR describe?



QUESTION

How many entity groups does FRBR describe?

(a) 2

(b) 3

(c) 6

(d) 4

Of the following International Cataloguing Principles, which comes first and should always be kept in mind when providing bibliographic descriptions and access points?



QUESTION

Of the following International Cataloguing Principles, which comes first and should always be kept in mind when providing bibliographic descriptions and access points?

(a) Accuracy

(b) Representation

(c) Convenience of the user

(d) Economy

(e) Consistency and standardization

Statement of International Cataloguing Principles

Statement of International Cataloguing Principles (ICP)

STATEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL CATALOGUING PRINCIPLES (ICP) 2016  by IFLA Cataloguing Section and IFLA Meetings of Experts on an International Cataloguing Code

The Raw Facts and Figures are Called?



QUESTION

The Raw Facts and Figures are Called?

(a) Intelligence

(b) Knowledge

(c) Information

(d) Data

Thursday, November 30, 2017

Knowledge

Knowledge

KNOWLEDGE  Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning.

Data

Data

DATA  Data (/ˈdeɪtə/ DAY-tə, /ˈdætə/ DA-tə, or /ˈdɑːtə/ DAH-tə) is a set of values of qualitative or quantitative variables. An example of qualitative data is an anthropologist's handwritten note about his or her interviews with indigenous people. Pieces of data are individual pieces of information. While the concept of data is commonly associated with scientific research, data is collected by a huge range of organizations and institutions, including businesses (e.g., sales data, revenue, profits, stock price), governments (e.g., crime rates, unemployment rates, literacy rates) and non-governmental organizations (e.g., censuses of the number of homeless people by non-profit organizations).

Saturday, November 25, 2017

Friday, November 24, 2017

Who Developed Library of Congress Classification System?



QUESTION

Who Developed / Invented Library of Congress Classification System?

(a) Charles Martel

(b) Herbert Putnam

(c) James C.M. Hanson

(d) James C.M. Hanson and Charles Martel

Thursday, November 23, 2017

Library of Congress Classification (LCC) History and Development

Library of Congress Classification
Library of Congress Classification (LCC)

Library of Congress Classification

Library of Congress Classification
Library of Congress Classification
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CLASSIFICATION  The Library of Congress Classification (LCC) is a system of library classification developed by the Library of Congress. It was developed in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to organize and arrange the book collections of the Library of Congress. Over the course of the twentieth century, the system was adopted for use by other libraries as well, especially large academic libraries in the United States. It is currently one of the most widely used library classification systems in the world. The Library's Policy and Standards Division maintains and develops the system¹. In recent decades, as the Library of Congress made its records available electronically through its online catalog, more libraries have adopted LCC for both subject cataloging as well as shelflisting.

Wednesday, November 22, 2017

Research is an effort?



QUESTION

Research is an effort?

(a) To discover knowledge

(b) To discover and develop knowledge

(c) To verify the knowledge

(d) To discover, develop, and verify knowledge

Research

Research

RESEARCH  Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.

Friday, November 10, 2017

Z39.50

Z39.50

Z39.50  Z39.50 is a national and international standard defining a protocol for computer-to-computer information retrieval. It is a client–server, application layer communications protocol for searching and retrieving information from a database over a TCP/IP computer network. It is covered by ANSI/NISO standard Z39.50, and ISO standard 23950. The National Information Standards Organization of the United States (NISO) relating to libraries begin with Z39. To use Z39.50, you will need either special software or have an ILS with Z39.50 capabilities. Z39.50 acts like a “back door” into a library catalog. In order to download another library’s records, that library has to allow Z39.50 access to its catalog. If it does, though, there is no fee to pay the library providing the record.

Thursday, November 9, 2017

What is called the use of computers in the functions, activities, and services in libraries?



QUESTION

What is called the use of computers in the functions, activities, and services in libraries?

(a) Library functions

(b) Library operations

(c) Library automation

(d) Automatic library

Wednesday, November 8, 2017

Library Automation

Library Automation

LIBRARY AUTOMATION  Library automation refers to the use of computer to automate the typical procedures of libraries such as cataloging and circulation.

Tuesday, November 7, 2017

What is a computer?



QUESTION

What is a computer?

(a) It is a manual machine

(b) It is a calculating machine

(c) It is an electronic calculating machine

(d) It is a simple machine

Monday, November 6, 2017

Computer

Computer

COMPUTER  Computer is a device for storing, processing, and displaying information. A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out arbitrary sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. The ability of computers to follow generalized sets of operations, called programs, enables them to perform an extremely wide range of tasks.

Saturday, November 4, 2017

What are the three levels of management?



QUESTION

What are the three levels of management? (What are the three levels of management in libraries)

(a) Top, middle, and bottom

(b) Top, middle, and lower

(c) First, second, and third

(d) Primary, secondary, and tertiary

Thursday, October 5, 2017

Management

Glossary of Library & Information Science
Glossary of Library & Information Science
MANAGEMENT  Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it be a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body. Management includes the activities of setting the strategy of an organization and coordinating the efforts of its employees (or of volunteers) to accomplish its objectives through the application of available resources, such as financial, natural, technological, and human resources. The term "management" may also refer to those people who manage an organization.

Social scientists study management as an academic discipline, investigating areas such as social organization and organizational leadership. Some people study management at colleges or universities; major degrees in management include the Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com.) and Master of Business Administration (MBA.) and, for the public sector, the Master of Public Administration (MPA) degree. Individuals who aim to become management specialists or experts, management researchers, or professors may complete the Doctor of Management (DM), the Doctor of Business Administration (DBA), or the PhD in Business Administration or Management.

Larger organizations generally have three levels of managers, which are typically organized in a hierarchical, pyramid structure:

  • Senior managers, such as members of a Board of Directors, a Chief Executive Officer (CEO) or a President of an organization, set the strategic goals of the organization and make decisions on how the overall organization will operate. Senior managers provide direction to the middle managers who report to them.
  • Middle managers, examples of which would include branch managers, regional managers and section managers, provide direction to front-line managers. Middle managers communicate the strategic goals of senior management to the front-line managers.
  • Lower managers, such as supervisors and front-line team leaders, oversee the work of regular employees (or volunteers, in some voluntary organizations) and provide direction on their work.
In smaller organizations, an individual manager may have a much wider scope. A single manager may perform several roles or even all of the roles commonly observed in a large organization.

LEVELS OF MANAGEMENT

The term “Levels of Management’ refers to a line of demarcation between various managerial positions in an organization. The number of levels in management increases when the size of the business and work force increases and vice versa. The level of management determines a chain of command, the amount of authority & status enjoyed by any managerial position. The levels of management can be classified in three broad categories:
  • Top level / Administrative level
  • Middle level / Executory
  • Low level / Supervisory / Operative / First-line managers
Most organizations have three management levels: first-level, middle-level, and top-level managers. First-line managers are the lowest level of management and manage the work of nonmanagerial individuals who are directly involved with the production or creation of the organization's products. First-line managers are often called supervisors, but may also be called line managers, office managers, or even foremen. Middle managers include all levels of management between the first-line level and the top level of the organization. These managers manage the work of first-line managers and may have titles such as department head, project leader, plant manager, or division manager. Top managers are responsible for making organization-wide decisions and establishing the plans and goals that affect the entire organization. These individuals typically have titles such as executive vice president, president, managing director, chief operating officer, chief executive officer, or chairman of the board.

These managers are classified in a hierarchy of authority, and perform different tasks. In many organizations, the number of managers in every level resembles a pyramid. Each level is explained below in specifications of their different responsibilities and likely job titles.

Top 

The top or senior layer of management consists of the board of directors (including non-executive directors and executive directors), president, vice-president, CEOs and other members of the C-level executives. Different organizations have various members in their C-suite, which may include a Chief Financial Officer, Chief Technology Officer, and so on. They are responsible for controlling and overseeing the operations of the entire organization. They set a "tone at the top" and develop strategic plans, company policies, and make decisions on the overall direction of the organization. In addition, top-level managers play a significant role in the mobilization of outside resources. Senior managers are accountable to the shareholders, the general public and to public bodies that oversee corporations and similar organizations. Some members of the senior management may serve as the public face of the organization, and they may make speeches to introduce new strategies or appear in marketing.

Helpful skills of top management vary by the type of organization but typically include a broad understanding of competition, world economies, and politics. In addition, the CEO is responsible for implementing and determining (within the board's framework) the broad policies of the organization. Executive management accomplishes the day-to-day details, including: instructions for preparation of department budgets, procedures, schedules; appointment of middle level executives such as department managers; coordination of departments; media and governmental relations; and shareholder communication.

Middle 

Consist of general managers, branch managers and department managers. They are accountable to the top management for their department's function. They devote more time to organizational and directional functions. Their roles can be emphasized as executing organizational plans in conformance with the company's policies and the objectives of the top management, they define and discuss information and policies from top management to lower management, and most importantly they inspire and provide guidance to lower level managers towards better performance.

Middle management is the midway management of a categorized organization, being secondary to the senior management but above the deepest levels of operational members. An operational manager may be well-thought-out by middle management, or may be categorized as non-management operate, liable to the policy of the specific organization. Efficiency of the middle level is vital in any organization, since they bridge the gap between top level and bottom level staffs.

Their functions include:
  • Design and implement effective group and inter-group work and information systems.
  • Define and monitor group-level performance indicators.
  • Diagnose and resolve problems within and among work groups.
  • Design and implement reward systems that support cooperative behavior. They also make decision and share ideas with top managers.
Lower 

Lower managers include supervisors, section leaders, forepersons and team leaders. They focus on controlling and directing regular employees. They are usually responsible for assigning employees' tasks, guiding and supervising employees on day-to-day activities, ensuring the quality and quantity of production and/or service, making recommendations and suggestions to employees on their work, and channeling employee concerns that they cannot resolve to mid-level managers or other administrators. First-level or "front line" managers also act as role models for their employees. In some types of work, front line managers may also do some of the same tasks that employees do, at least some of the time. For example, in some restaurants, the front line managers will also serve customers during a very busy period of the day.

Front-line managers typically provide:
  • Training for new employees
  • Basic supervision
  • Motivation
  • Performance feedback and guidance
Some front-line managers may also provide career planning for employees who aim to rise within the organization.


LEVELS OF MANAGEMENT IN LIBRARIES

Managers can be categorized in a number of ways.  Most commonly, we think of them in vertical hierarchy. They usually work at three levels, viz. Top, Middle and Lower level of the organization. The Managers at top or nearer to the top have broader responsibilities and authority than those at lower levels.  According to Stueart and Moran, various organisations including libraries have three levels of management as under:
  • Top Management
  • Middle Management
  • Lower Management or First Line Supervisors

Top Management

It includes directors, associate directors and assistant directors in the large libraries. They are responsible to set policies for the entire organisation and are responsible for its overall management.  They act as leaders and have wide powers as wells responsibilities.

Middle Management 

They are in–charge of specific sub-units of the organization. In the libraries, they are heads of the department or Branch Librarians. Their responsibilities are confirmed to the successful functioning of the department concerned. They also serve as liaisons between top management and supervisors.

Lower Management or First Line Supervisors

They act as supervisors of the junior staff and lead the activities of individual workers in carrying out the day to day work of the organisation/library. These managers implement the procedures and processes that allow their units to work effectively and efficiently.
But the above mentioned hierarchy in the management is being distributed more widely throughout the organizations these days. This change can be seen in all types of organisations including libraries and information centres. The emphasis is being given to team work now-a-days.


DID YOU KNOW

NOTE
  • This article is a Stub. It will be expanded to achieve the level of a proper encyclopedia article. 

REFERENCES
  1. Wikipedia. Management. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Management (accessed October 10, 2017)
  2. Levels of management. Management Study Guide http://managementstudyguide.com/management_levels.htm (accessed October 10, 2017)

SEE ALSO

AUTHOR

HISTORY
  • Written: 2017-10-06 

PERMALINK

FEEDBACK
  • Help us improve this article! Contact us with your feedback. 

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What is information?



QUESTION

What is information?

(a) Explosion of knowledge

(b) Human knowledge

(c) Process of achieving knowledge

(d) Product of different types of human activities and events

Sunday, October 1, 2017

Information

Glossary of Library & Information Science
Glossary of Library & Information Science
INFORMATION  Information is that which informs. In other words, it is the answer to a question of some kind. It is thus related to data and knowledge, as data represents values attributed to parameters, and knowledge signifies understanding of real things or abstract concepts. As it regards data, the information's existence is not necessarily coupled to an observer (it exists beyond an event horizon, for example), while in the case of knowledge, the information requires a cognitive observer.

Information is conveyed either as the content of a message or through direct or indirect observation of anything. That which is perceived can be construed as a message in its own right, and in that sense, information is always conveyed as the content of a message.

Information can be encoded into various forms for transmission and interpretation (for example, information may be encoded into a sequence of signs, or transmitted via a sequence of signals). It can also be encrypted for safe storage and communication.

Information reduces uncertainty. The uncertainty of an event is measured by its probability of occurrence and is inversely proportional to that. The more uncertain an event, the more information is required to resolve uncertainty of that event. The bit is a typical unit of information, but other units such as the nat may be used. For example, the information encoded in one "fair" coin flip is log2(2/1) = 1 bit, and in two fair coin flips is log2(4/1) = 2 bits.

The concept that information is the message has different meanings in different contexts.[3] Thus the concept of information becomes closely related to notions of constraint, communication, control, data, form, education, knowledge, meaning, understanding, mental stimuli, pattern, perception, representation, and entropy.

DID YOU KNOW

NOTE
  • This article is a Stub. It will be expanded to achieve the level of a proper encyclopedia article. 

REFERENCES
  1. Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information (accessed October 2, 2017)

SEE ALSO

AUTHOR

HISTORY
  • Written: 2017-10-02 

PERMALINK

FEEDBACK
  • Help us improve this article! Contact us with your feedback. 

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Reference service is the personal service to each reader in helping them to find the document - who gave this definition?



QUESTION

Reference service is the personal service to each reader in helping them to find the document - who gave this definition?

(a) M. Hutchins

(b) S. R. Ranganathan

(c) Lois Shores

(d) J. H. Shera

Friday, September 29, 2017

Library and Information Science Videos

Library and Information Science Videos

Top 200 Most Fantastic Library and Information Science Videos Every Librarian Must See

Library and Information Science Videos is an initiative of Librarianship Studies & Information Technology blog to showcase the finest LIS videos for librarians, catalogers, metadata, archives, and knowledge professionals. The videos are sourced from Librarianship Studies & Information Technology YouTube Channel which are organized based on the categories (or labels) of Librarianship Studies blog.

A featured video will be displayed in this blog post along with a brief summary.



Contents

  • Featured Video
  • Background
  • Librarianship and Information Science Videos


FEATURED VIDEO



The Library -- Director Jason LaMotte was profoundly affected by his neighbourhood library in Houston Texas – and the magical feeling it carried was the inspiration behind his new film The Library. We are really excited to be able to show this brand new 20 minute film “The Library” by director Jason LaMotte, starring Missy Keating as 13-year-old Emily.

The Library is the story of a 13-year-old girl, Emily ((played by Missy Keating) who rides her bike to the library each day after school. She begins receiving notes slipped to her by a secret admirer, one of the two boys she regularly sees in the library – or so she thinks. These notes correspond to romantic passages in the old books in the library shelves, passages Emily repeats to herself with nervous excitement as each subsequent day brings another note and romantic passage.


BACKGROUND

I always wanted to see beautiful libraries of the world like the Library of Congress of Washington D.C., the British Library of London, and the Bodleian Library of Oxford. I also wanted to view Library and Information Science tutorial videos by top-ranked library and i-schools. There are some topics which cannot be demonstrated effectively through text (as in article form), where video format is preferred. For example, if the subject is like Use of Robots In Libraries, then it would be more interesting to see a video showing robots in action in libraries. Likewise, a biography of a library and information science luminary like Dr. S. R. Ranganathan, Dr. Carla Hayden, Lois Mai Chan, or Charles Ammi Cutter should better be viewed in a video. So an idea came to my mind to create a YouTube Channel on Library and Information Science with top quality videos on the pattern of Khan Academy.

Library and Information Science Videos supports the purpose of Librarianship Studies & Information Technology to provide leadership for the development, promotion, and improvement of library and information services and the profession of librarianship in order to enhance learning and ensure access to information for all. Librarianship Studies & Information Technology blog is envisioned as the BritannicaThe Huffington PostKhan Academy, and more closely like the Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences; an authoritative source for consultation and reference for any library or information profession related issue and a treasure hub of knowledge on Library and Information Science, which is open and free for all the library professionals worldwide.


LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE VIDEOS

Library and Information Science Videos in Librarianship Studies & Information Technology YouTube Channel playlists which are named and organized by broad areas "Categories (Labels)" of Librarianship Studies & Information Technology blog. Videos in the below YouTube playlists will play automatically one after another. If you click on the top-left side, it will show the list of videos in the respective playlist, and you can click to play any one of them.



SCOPE: About Librarianship Studies & Information Technology blog.




ACQUISITIONS & E-RESOURCES

SCOPE: On acquisitions or books, serials, e-resources, etc. in libraries in information centers. Collection Development--Books, Serials, Non-book Materials--Selection, Acquisition, Maintenance; ISBN, ISSN, Cataloguing-in-Publication (CIP), E-documents, E-books, E-journals, Etc.



CATALOGING & METADATA

SCOPE: On cataloging and metadata. Library Cataloguing Codes--RDA and AACR-II. Library Cataloguing--Cannons and Principles. Bibliographic Records--International Standards--ISBD, MARC21, BIBFRAME, and CCF. Etc. Indexing--Pre-coordinate,Post-coordinate.



CLASSIFICATION & SHELFLISTING

SCOPE: Theory and practice of library classification and shelflisting. Classification schemes like Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC), Library of Congress Classification (LCC), Universal Decimal Classification (UDC), and Colon Classification (CC). Organization of knowledge/Information. Modes of formation of subjects. Library Classification--Cannon and Principles.




SCOPE: Biography of famous librarians and history, practice, and techniques of librarianship. Description of library and information science. Library and Information Profession.





SCOPE: Librarian's Reference Directory (or Librarians Reference Sources Directory) is a web directory of Library and Information Science reference sources on the World Wide Web.





LIBRARIES & ASSOCIATIONS

SCOPE: Famous and beautiful libraries the Library of Congress of Washington D.C., the British Library of London, and the Bodleian Library of Oxford. Library associations such as IFLA, ALA, and CILIP. Types of Libraries--National, Public, Academic, and Special (Objectives, structures, and functions).



LIBRARIES & SOCIETY

SCOPE: Impact of libraries on society. Role of Information in Planning, Management, Socio-Economic Development, Technology transfer. Etc.



SCOPE: Library and digital marketing techniques and case studies. Includes social media marketing and search engine optimization.





SCOPE Study programs of top-ranked library schools or i-schools. Tutorial by noted professors of library and information science.





SCOPE: Use of technology in libraries. Databases--Search Strategies, Boolean Operators. Information Technology--Components; Impact of IT on Society. Computers--Hardware, Software, Storage Devices, Input/Output Devices. Networking--Concepts, Topologies, Types--LAN, MAN, WAN. Library Automation--Areas of automation, Planning, Hardware, and Software Selection, OPAC. Integrated Library Systems, Digital Libraries, Virtual Libraries, Etc. 





SCOPE: Theory, practice, and techniques of library and knowledge management. Management--Principles, Functions, School of Thought. Planning, Organization Structure, Decision making. Human Resources Management--Manpower Planning, Job Analysis, Job Description, Selection, Recruitment, Motivation, Training and Development, Staff Manual, Leadership and Performance Evaluation. Financial Management--Resource Generation, Types of Budgeting, Cost and Cost Benefit Analysis. PERT, CPM. Library Buildings and Equipment, Performance Evaluation of Libraries/Information Centers and Services Marketing Information Product and Services, Total Quality Management (TQM).


SCOPE: Library circulation and loan activities. Types of Users, User Studies, User Education.



SCOPE: Miscellaneous topics in library and information science not covered by other Librarianship Studies blog labels.




SCOPE: Reference service in libraries and information centers. Reference and Information Services, Referral Service. Bibliographic Service, Indexing and Abstracting Service, CAS, SDI, Digest Service, Trend Report Online Services, Translation Services, Reprographic Services Etc. 


SCOPE: On research methodology in the library and information science. Types of Research--Basic, Applied, Interdisciplinary. Research Design. Scientific Method, Hypothesis, Data Collection, Sampling. Methods of Research--Historical, Descriptive, Case Study, Survey, Comparative and Experimental. Statistical Methods, Data Analysis. Report Writing, Bibliometrics. Etc.


SCOPE: Reviews of books, journals, databases, e-resources, software, integrated library systems, Etc.


SCOPE: About subject headings. Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), MESH, Sears List of Subject Headings etc. Vocabulary Control--Thesaurus, List of Subject Headings, Etc.




SEE ALSO

ARTICLE AUTHOR

ARTICLE HISTORY
  • Last Updated 2017-09-29
  • Written 2017-04-01

FEEDBACK
  • Help us improve this article! Contact us with your feedback.
  • Jayaram Haravu (or L. J. Haravu), Managing Trustee at Kesavan Institute of Information and Knowledge Management (KIIKM) and Pioneer of Open Source Library Software movement in India, creator of NewGenLib (www.newgenlib.com) integrated library system, [April 3, 2017, E-mail in LIS-Forum, PCCLIST, AUTOCAT on article Library and Information Science Videos and Resource Description & Access (RDA) blog] -- I congratulate Salman Haider for bringing to our notice this excellent initiative. I am sure this will be an invaluable source for teachers and students of librarianship and information studies. I have been a silent observer and admirer of your commitment to de-mystifying RDA for several years now. What you are doing is most commendable. I wonder, though, how many have taken advantage of your knowledge.
  • Mamta Joshi, Library & Knowledge Management Consultant, India [October 1, 2017] -- That was quite informative.
  • Janet Loboz, Librarian at Fr Muller Charitable Institutions, Mangalore University, India [November 27, 2017, comment on LinkedIn group Information Science and LIS] -- Good, Beautiful, marvelous, knowledgeable.

Thanks all for your love, suggestions, testimonials, likes, +1, tweets, and shares ...

Tuesday, September 26, 2017

Reference Service

Reference Service
Reference Service
Glossary of Library & Information Science
Glossary of Library & Information Science
REFERENCE SERVICE  Ranganathan defined Reference Service as "A Personal service to each reader in helping him to find the documents answering the interest at the moment pin-pointedly, exhaustively and expeditiously.


USED FOR
  • Library Reference Service 

DID YOU KNOW

NOTE
  • This article is a Stub. It will be expanded to achieve the level of a proper encyclopedia article. 

REFERENCES
  1. Salman Haider's MLIS notes

SEE ALSO

AUTHOR

HISTORY
  • Written: 2017-09-26 

PERMALINK

FEEDBACK
  • Help us improve this article! Contact us with your feedback. 

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Friday, September 22, 2017

Who categorized information sources into conventional, neo-conventional, non-conventional, and meta-documents?



QUESTION

Who categorized information sources into conventional, neo-conventional, non-conventional, and meta-documents?

(a) Bradford

(b) Ranganathan

(c) Hanson

(d) Grogan

Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Sunday, September 17, 2017

What is FRBR?



QUESTION

What is FRBR?

(a) A content designation tool

(b) A data model

(c) A cataloging code or standard

(d) All of above

(e) None of above

Saturday, September 16, 2017

Library and Information Science - Did You Know?

Library and Information Science - Did You Know?

DID YOU KNOW IN LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE

Important information and facts to remember covering all the areas of Library and Information Science, Librarianship Studies and Information Technology related to libraries and library management. This collection of pieces of information in LIS will act not only as a ready reference knowledge bank on Library and Information Science but also be a good tool for appearing in the competitive exams and interviews and keeping updated with the new knowledge for LIS professionals all around the world.

Did you know in LIS mentions and links to important information and facts which are provided as answers to the questions given in the article Library and Information Science Questions and Answers

Library and Information Science Questions and Answers

A Featured LIS - Did You Know? appears first with a link to the original blog post for the question.

A syllabus is provided then, which divides the whole LIS field into XI units.

This is followed by Libary and Information Science - Did You Know? which are grouped under different units.

Contents

  • Top 10 Facts Did You Know in Library and Information Science (LIS)?
  • Library and Information Science Syllabus
  • Library and Information Science - Did You Know?


TOP 10 FACTS DID YOU KNOW IN LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE (LIS)?

LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE SYLLABUS

Unit I - Information and its Communication
  • Information, Information Science, Information Society 
  • Information as a Resource / Commodity 
  • Information Transfer Cycle--Generation, Collection, Storage, and Dissemination 
  • Role of Information in Planning, Management, Socio-Economic Development, Technology transfer
  • Communication--Channel, Barriers 
  • Intellectual Property Rights--Concept, Copyright, Censorship--Print and Non-print Media 
  • Library and Information Policy at the National Level
Unit II - LIS Laws, Legislation, Education, and Profession
  • Laws of Library Science 
  • Library Resource Sharing and Networking 
  • Library Movement and Library Legislation 
  • Library Extension Services
  • Library and Information Science Education
  • Library and Information Profession
  • Library Associations in India, UK, and the USA, and other countries--ILA, IASLIC, IATLIS, SIS, LA, ASLIB, SLA and ALA
  • Library Associations OrganizationS at International Level--FID, IFLA, and UNESCO, etc.
Unit III - Reference and Information Sources
  • Sources of Information--Primary, Secondary and Tertiary--Documentary and Non-documentary
  • Reference Sources--Encyclopaedias, Dictionaries, Geographical Sources, Biographical sources, Year Books/Almanacs, Directories and Handbooks, Statistical (salient features and evaluation)
  • Bibliographical Sources--Bibliographies, Union Catalogues, Indexing and Abstracting Journals (salient features and evaluations)
  • E-documents, E-books, E-journals
  • Databases--Bibliographic, Numeric and Full text--Evaluation
Unit IV - Reference and Information Services
  • Reference and Information Services, Referral Service
  • Bibliographic Service, Indexing and Abstracting Service, CAS, SDI, Digest Service, Trend Report
  • Online Services, Translation Services, Reprographic Services
Unit V - Information and Knowledge Organization and Management
  • Organization/Management of Knowledge/Information
  • Modes of formation of subjects
  • Library Classification--Cannon and Principles
  • Library Classification Schemes--DDC, UDC, CC, LCC, etc.
  • Library Cataloguing--Cannons and Principles
  • Library Cataloguing Codes--CCC, AACR-II, RDA, etc.
  • Bibliographic Records--International Standards--ISBD, MARC, CCF, BIBFRAME
  • Indexing--Pre-coordinate, Post-coordinate
  • Vocabulary Control--Thesaurus, List of Subject Headings, LCSH
  • Databases--Search Strategies, Boolean Operators
  • Knowledge Management
Unit VI - Library Management
  • Management--Principles, Functions, School of Thought
  • Planning, Organization Structure
  • Decision making
  • System Study--Analysis, Evaluation, and Design
  • Collection Development--Books, Serials, Non-book Materials--Selection, Acquisition, Maintenance; ISBN, ISSN, Cataloguing-in-Publication (CIP)
  • Human Resources Management--Manpower Planning, Job Analysis, Job Description, Selection, Recruitment, Motivation, Training and Development, Staff Manual, Leadership and Performance Evaluation, Delegation of Authority
  • Financial Management--Resource Generation, Types of Budgeting, Cost and Cost Benefit Analysis
  • PERT, CPM
  • Library Buildings and Equipment
  • Performance Evaluation of Libraries/Information Centers and Services
  • Marketing Information Product and Services
  • Total Quality Management (TQM)
Unit VII - Computers and Information Technology
  • Information Technology--Components; Impact of IT on Society
  • Computers--Hardware, Software, Storage Devices, Input/Output Devices
  • Telecommunication--Transmission media, Switching systems, Bandwidth, Multiplexing, Modulation, Protocols, Wireless Communication
  • Fax, Email, Tele conferencing / video conferencing, Bulletin Board Service, Teletext, Videotex, Voice Mail
  • Networking--Concepts, Topologies, Types--LAN, MAN, WAN
  • Hypertext, Hypermedia, Multimedia, 
  • Integrated Service Digital Network (ISDN), Open Systems Interconnections (OSI)
Unit VIII - Information Systems and LIS Organizations and Networks
  • Library Automation--Areas of automation, Planning, Hardware, and Software Selection, OPAC
  • Networks--ERNET, NICNET, DELNET, JANET, BLAISE, OCLC, INFLIBNET, 
  • INTERNET--Components, Services, Browsing--Web Browsers, Search Engines, Meta-Data, Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
  • National and International Information Systems--NISSAT, NASSDOC, INSDOC, DESIDOC, INIS, AGRIS, MEDLARS, INSPEC, etc.
Unit IX - Research Methodology
  • Types of Research--Basic, Applied, Interdisciplinary
  • Research Design
  • Scientific Method, Hypothesis, Data Collection, Sampling
  • Methods of Research--Historical, Descriptive, Case Study, Survey, Comparative and Experimental
  • Statistical Methods, Data Analysis
  • Report Writing
  • Research Methods in Library and Information Science and Services
  • Bibliometrics
Unit X - Libraries and its Users
  • Types of Libraries--National, Public, Academic, and Special--Objectives, structures, and functions
  • Digital Libraries (Concept)
  • Virtual Libraries (Concept) 
  • Types of Users, User's Studies, User's Education 
  • Role of UGC in the Growth and Development of libraries and information centers in institutes of Higher Education in India, Raja Rammohun Roy Library Foundation (RRRLF).
  • Growth and development of libraries and information centers in different countries
Unit XI - Miscellaneous LIS Topics
  • Miscellaneous topics in LIS not covered by contents of Units I-X. 


LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE - DID YOU KNOW?

Click the questions to view Librarianship Studies & Information Technology blog article of the question with the answer and further study references.


Unit I - Information and its Communication
Unit II - LIS Laws, Legislation, Education, and Profession
Unit III - Reference and Information Sources
Unit IV - Reference and Information Services
Unit V - Information and Knowledge Organization and Management
Unit XI - Miscellaneous LIS Topics



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  • Last Updated: 2017-11-25
  • Written: 2017-09-17

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