Sunday, June 26, 2016

Access Point : Glossary of Library & Information Science

Glossary of Library & Information Science

ACCESS POINT  A name, term, code, heading, word, phrase etc., a unit of information representing a specific entity that can serve as a search key in information retrieval, under which a library catalog or bibliographic database may be searched and library materials may be identified and retrieved.

In a catalog, index, or other organized systems some examples of access points are, author, title, name (person, family, corporate body, etc.), subjects (topical, geographical, etc.), classification or call number, and codes such as ISBN, etc. which are chosen by the cataloger or indexer, when creating a bibliographic, authority, or metadata record (a surrogate), to enable the retrieval of the record.

In modern cataloging using advanced Integrated Library Systems (ILS), the machine-readable cataloging, almost any portion of the catalog record can serve as an access point. The advanced search of the Online Public Access Catalogs provides many options as access points.



SEE ALSO

ARTICLE AUTHOR

Salman Haider - Librarian, Cataloger, Blogger

ARTICLE HISTORY
  • Last Updated: 2016-06-26
  • Written: 2016-05-26

PERMALINK


TESTIMONIALS

Dr. N. S. HarinarayanaAssociate Professor, Department of Library and Information Science, University of Mysore, Mysore, India [July 3, 2016] -- Congrats for publishing the glossary. The glossary, I hope, benefits the students, teachers and researchers.

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Resource Access : Glossary of Library & Information Science

Glossary of Library & Information Science

RESOURCE ACCESS  That portion of cataloging in which access points are selected and formulated by a cataloger.

Used for: Access


See also:
Author: Salman Haider [Revised 2016-06-26 | Written 2016-05-26]

Permalink: https://librarianshipstudies.blogspot.com/2016/06/resource-access-glossary-of-library.html

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Resource Description : Glossary of Library & Information Science

Glossary of Library & Information Science

RESOURCE DESCRIPTION  Resource Description is a set of data recording and identifying an entity. It is the process or the product of creating a bibliographic or metadata record (a surrogate) or a brief representation containing essential attributes describing an information resource, based on established standards, such as Resource Description and Access (RDA) or Anglo-American Cataloging Rules (AACR2). Resource Description is that portion of the descriptive cataloging process in which elements that identify a resource are transcribed into a bibliographic record; also, the portion of the bibliographic record (i.e. descriptive data) that results from this process.

Used for: Description


References
  1. RDA Toolkit. http://access.rdatoolkit.org/ [subscription required] (accessed June 2016). 
  2. Joudrey, Daniel N.; Taylor, Arlene G.; Miller, David P. RDA basics. In Introduction to Cataloging and Classification, 11th Ed.; Library and Information Science Text Series; Libraries Unlimited: Santa Barbara, California, 2015.
  3. Chan, Lois Mai; Salaba, Athena. Cataloging and Classification: An Introduction, 4th Ed.; Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.: Lanham, 2016.
See also
Author: Salman Haider [Revised 2016-06-26 | Written 2016-05-26]

Permalink: https://librarianshipstudies.blogspot.com/2016/06/resource-description-glossary-of-library.html

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Saturday, June 25, 2016

Resource : Glossary of Library & Information Science

Glossary of Library & Information Science

RESOURCE  A work, expression, manifestation or item. The term includes not only an individual entity but also aggregates and components of such entities (e.g., three sheet maps, a single slide issued as part of a set of twenty, an article in an issue of a scholarly journal). It may refer to a tangible entity (e.g., a book, a DVD, an audiocassette, serials, sound recordings, moving images, cartographic materials, pamphlets, reports, newspapers, music scores, microfilm, microfiche etc. that are owned by a library) or an intangible entity (e.g., a website, blog, computer files, e-resources).

In the area of descriptive cataloging, some terms or concepts have replaced older ones due to the adoption of RDA. One such concept is that of a resource. In Resource Description and Access (RDA) and most other modern cataloging texts, the terms resource and information resource have replaced references to library materials, information package, document, and other such words representing individual formats such as a book, videotape, map, and the like.

Resource is a term used in the field of information organization to indicate an instance of recorded information (e.g., book, article, video, internet document, sound recording, electronic journal); resource is used in order to avoid using book, DVD, or other such specific designations; also called document, information resource, information package, library materials, or object. Summing up we can say that, a resource refers to all the items or library materials which are purchased by a library to satisfy the information needs of its users.

Used for: Document, Information Resource, Library Material


References:
  1. RDA Toolkit. http://access.rdatoolkit.org/ [subscription required] (accessed June 2016). 
  2. Joudrey, Daniel N.; Taylor, Arlene G.; Miller, David P. RDA basics. In Introduction to Cataloging and Classification, 11th Ed.; Library and Information Science Text Series; Libraries Unlimited: Santa Barbara, California, 2015; 134-135. 
See also:
Author: Salman Haider [Revised 2016-06-25 | Written 2016-05-26]

Permalink: https://librarianshipstudies.blogspot.com/2016/06/resource-glossary-of-library.html

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Authority Control : Glossary of Library & Information Science

Glossary of Library & Information Science

AUTHORITY CONTROL  Authority Control is a process that organizes bibliographic information in library catalogs by using a single, distinct spelling of a name (heading) or a subject for each topic, called as authority record. Authority Record is a record which gives the authoritative form (the form selected for a heading) of a personal name, corporate name, family name, place name, uniform or preferred title, series title, subject, etc. in the library catalog or the file of bibliographic records, and are listed in an authority file containing headings of library items. To ensure consistency, an authority record is created for each authorized heading (authorized access point) for a proper name or a subject, etc. An authority record is made when a heading is established, i.e., authorized for use as the main entry (preferred title and, if appropriate, the authorized access point for the creator), an added entry, or subject entry, for the first time, while cataloging of a library item. Authority control is the process that is applied to both descriptive and subject analysis parts of cataloging. It ensures the consistency and correctness of names and subject headings entered into the bibliographic description.


All librarians and information professionals may use information from Glossary of Library & Information Science for their writings and research, with proper attribution and citation. I would appreciate it if you would let me know, too! 

SEE ALSO
ARTICLE AUTHOR

Salman Haider - Librarian, Cataloger, Blogger

ARTICLE HISTORY
  • Last Updated 2016-06-25
  • Written 2016-05-26
PERMALINK

https://librarianshipstudies.blogspot.com/2016/06/authority-control-glossary-of-library.html

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Subject Cataloging : Glossary of Library & Information Science

Glossary of Library & Information Science

SUBJECT CATALOGING  Subject Cataloging involves subject analysis of the resource and providing corresponding subject headings from a controlled vocabulary or subject heading list, such as Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), Medical Subject Headings (MESH) and assignment of classification numbers using schemes such as Library of Congress Classification (LCC) or Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC). Subject Heading is defined as the most specific word or group of words that captures the essence of the subject or one of the subjects of a book or other library material which is selected from a subject heading list containing the preferred subject access terms (controlled vocabulary) and assigned as an added entry in the bibliographic record which works as an access point and enables the work to be searched and retrieved by subject from the library catalog database. Classification or Library Classification is the process of arranging, grouping, coding, and organizing books and other library materials on shelves or entries of a catalog, bibliography, and index according to their subject in a systematic, logical, and helpful order by way of assigning them call numbers using a library classification system, so that users can find them as quickly and easily as possible. Use of classification enables library users to browse on shelves to find its materials, determines the place of a book and the shelf, and also collocates additional items on the same or related subjects. Classification also enables the library users to find out what documents the library has on a certain subject. The cataloger assigns a classification, or call number, in correlation with the subject headings.

Used for: Subject Cataloguing


All librarians and information professionals may use information from Glossary of Library & Information Science for their writings and research, with proper attribution and citation. I would appreciate it if you would let me know, too! Please cite as given below:

MLA: Haider, Salman. "Glossary of Library & Information Science." (2016)
Chicago: Haider, Salman. "Glossary of Library & Information Science." (2016)

See also
Author: Salman Haider [Revised 2016-06-25 | Written 2016-05-26]

Permalink: https://librarianshipstudies.blogspot.com/2016/06/subject-cataloging-glossary-of-library.html

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Descriptive Cataloging : Glossary of Library & Information Science

Glossary of Library & Information Science

DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGING  Descriptive Cataloging includes recording the attributes of a library item, such as the name of author(s), contributor(s), title, edition, publisher, distributor, date, the number of pages, its size, name of series, etc. Descriptive Cataloging enables the user to find and identify a book, by the name of the author, the title, variant titles, etc. Two popular standards for Descriptive Cataloging are Anglo-American Cataloging Rules (AACR) and its successor Resource Description and Access (RDA).

Used for: Library Descriptive Cataloging, Descriptive Cataloguing


All librarians and information professionals may use information from Glossary of Library & Information Science for their writings and research, with proper attribution and citation. I would appreciate it if you would let me know, too! Please cite as given below:

MLA: Haider, Salman. "Glossary of Library & Information Science." (2016)
Chicago: Haider, Salman. "Glossary of Library & Information Science." (2016)

See also
Author: Salman Haider [Revised 2016-06-25 | Written 2016-05-26]

Permalink: https://librarianshipstudies.blogspot.com/2016/06/descriptive-cataloging-glossary-of.html

Thanks all for your love, suggestions, testimonials, likes, +1, tweets, and shares ....