Friday, October 2, 2015

Introduction to Bibliography : Information Access Through The Subject

Information Access Through The Subject

Introduction to Bibliography

1.     AIMS  AND SCOPE
          The present study in the form of annotated bibliography comprises of all the significant literature dealing with “Information Access  Through the Subject”. Although the bibliography is selective in nature, an attempt has been made to cover all aspects of the topic. I hope this bibliography would be helpful to those who wish to know about the subject.

2.           METHODOLOGY
          The bibliography consists of 322 entries on the topic. LISA was consulted to approach the primary sources. For the purpose of abstracting, primary sources were looked into, using the collections of  “Seminar Library of the Department of Library and Information Science, AMU, Maulana Azad Library, AMU, Aligarh, Central Reference Library, Delhi University and Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre, New Delhi”.

3.     STANDARD FOLLOWED
          The relevant bibliographical details were noted down on 5”x7” cards following the Indian Standard for bibliographic References (IS:2381-1963) and the Classified Catalogue Code.
          The items of bibliographical references for each entry of periodical are arranged as follows:
a)           Name(s) of author(s)
b)           A full stop
c)            Title of the contribution including subtitle (if any)
d)           A full stop
e)            Title of the periodical, being underlined
f)             A full stop
g)            Volume Number
h)           Issue number (within brackets)
i)             Semi colon
j)             Year of Publication
k)           Semi Colon
l)             Inclusive pages of the article
m)         A full stop

Specimen Entry
          BATES (Marcia J).  Subject access in online catalogues: A design model. Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 37(6); 1986;357-376.
3.1       Conference Proceedings
          Elements of Information in  the entries for conference proceedings are  given as follows:
a)           Name of the author(s)
b)           A full stop
c)            Title of the contribution including subtitle and alternative title, if any
d)           A full stop
e)            Connecting word, such as “In” being underlined.-+
f)             Name  of the conference being underlined
g)            A full stop
h)           Place
i)             Comma
j)             Year of publication
k)           Semi colon
l)             Inclusive pages of articles

Specimen Entry for Conference Proceedings
          KEEM (Michael E). Aspects of computer based indexing languages. In Proceedings of the fifth annual conference on computers in libraries. London, 1991; 148-151.

4.     ABSTRACT
          The bibliographical details of the articles are followed by informative abstracts and indicative-informative abstracts (in some cases). Care has been taken  to give essential information contained in the articles.

5.           SUBJECT HEADINGS
          The entries in the bibliography have been classified and arranged using a scheme involving Broad Subject Headings followed by the Library and Information Science Abstracts (LISA). It may be recalled that prior to 1993, the abstracts in LISA,  were arranged according to the unpublished draft version of CRG’s ‘A Classification of Library and Information Science (1971)’. This was followed  until 1992. Since 1993, CRG classification scheme was replaced by a scheme  developed by LISA based on the Broad Subject Headings.
          In consultation with my supervisor a modest attempt has been made to classify the bibliographic entries using the present scheme of LISA. At places the numbers along with the  headings were required to be expanded. Dewey Decimal Classification scheme of classification,  edition 21st, was used for purpose of expansion. The whole scheme of LISA involving Broad Subject Headings with the expansions shown in italics has been provided following:

BROAD SUBJECT HEADINGS
1.0          LIBRARRIANSHIP AND INFORMATIOIN SCIENCE
1.1          PUBLICATIONS AND DATABASES
1.11        BOOK REVIEWS
1.12        CONFERENCES
1.13        RESEARCH
1.14        WORLD LIBRARIANSHIP
2.0          PROFESSION
2.1          ORGANISATIONS
2.11        BIOGRAPHIES
2.12        EDUCATION AND TRAINING
2.13        LIBRARY AND INFORMATION STAFF
2.14        TYPES OF STAFF
3.0          LIBRARIES AND RESOURSE CENTRES
3.1          WORLD LIBRARIES
3.11 NATIONAL LIBRARIES AND STATE LIBRARIES
3.12 PUBLIC LIBRARIES
3.13 ACADEMIC LIBRARIES(NOT SCHOOL LIBRARIES)
3.14 GOVERNMENT LIBRARIES
3.15 LIBRARIES OF OTHER ORGANIZATION AND PRIVATE LIBRARIES
3.16        SPECIAL SUBJECT LIBRARIES, RESEARCH LIBRARIES
3.17       SOCIAL SCINECES, BUSINESS LIBRARIES
3.18       HUMANITIES LIBRARIES
3.19       SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, MEDICINE LIBRARIES
3.2          ARCHIVES
3.21     NATIONAL  AND GOVERNMENT ARCHIVES
3.22       BUSINESS ARCHIEVES
3.23       CHURCH  ARCHIEVES
3.24       ARCHIVES OF OTHER ORGANIZATIONS AND PRIVATE ARCHIVES
3.25       SOUND AND FILM ARCHIEVES
3.26       SPECIAL SUBJECT ARCHIEVES
3.27       MUSEUMS
4.0         LIBRARY USE AND USERS
4.1          LIBRARIES AND SERVICES BY TYPES OF USERS
4.11       USER-CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE
4.12       SCHOOL LIBRARIES
4.13       USERS-SOCIAL GROUPS
4.14       USERS OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS
4.15       USER SERVICES
4.16       USER TRAINING
4.17       PROMOTION
4.18       ACTIVITIES
4.19       EXHIBITION
4.2          DOCUMENT DELIVERY
4.21     INTERLOAND AND PHOTOCOPYING SERVICES
4.22       LOANS
5.0         MATERIALS
5.1          OLD AND RARE MATERIALS
5.11       MATERIALS BY PUBLISHERS
5.12       MATERIALS BY LANGUAGE AND GEOGRAPHICAL AREA
5.13       PERIODICALS AND NEWSPAPERS
5.14       GREY LITERATURE
5.15       OTHER PRINTED DOCUMENTS
5.16       NON-PRINT MATERIAL
5.17       AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS
5.18       ELECTRONIC MEDIA
5.19       MICROPHONES
5.2          SUBJECTS
5.21     SOCIAL SCINECES, BUSINESS MATERIAL
5.22       HUMANITIES MATERIALS
5.23       SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY, MEDICINE MATERIALS
5.24       BIBLIOMETRICS, SCIENTOMETRICS, INFORMETRICS
6.0         ORGANIZATION
6.1          COOPERATION
6.11       MANAGEMENT (OTHER THAN PERSONAL MANAGEMENT)
6.12       FINANCE
6.13       PUBLIC RELATIONS
6.14       OTHER MANAGEMENT PROCEDURES AND OPERATIONS
7.0         LIBRARY BUILDINGS
7.1          REMOVALS
7.11       PLANNING AND DESIGN  OF LIBRARY BUILDINGS
7.12       NEW AND RENOVATED LIBRARY BUILDINGS
7.13       FURNITURE
7.14       VEHICLES
8.0         LIBRARY TECHNOLOGY
8.1          TELECOMMUNICATION
8.11       NETWORKS
8.12       COMPUTERS
8.13       SOFTWARE
8.14       OTHER MACHINES
9.0         TECHNICAL SERVICES
9.1          CIRCULATION CONTROL
9.11       ACQUISITIONS
9.12       COLLECTION DEVELOPMENT
9.13       WITHDRAWALS
9.14       STOCKTAKING
9.15       PRESERVATION
9.16       SECURITY
9.17       SHELF ARRANGEMENT
9.18       OTHER TECHNICAL SERVICES
10.0      INFORMATION COMMUNICATION
10.1       INFORMATION WORK
10.11    SOCIAL SCIENCES, BUSINESS INFORMATION WORK
10.12    HUMANITIES INFORMATION WORK
10.13    SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, MEDICINE INFORMATION WORK
10.14    INFORMATION SERVICES
10.15    REFERENCE WORK
11.0      BIBLIOGRAPHICAL CONTROL
11.1       BIBLIOGRAPHY
11.11    BIBLIOGRAPHIES
12.0    KNOWLEDGE ORGANIZATION (Used for  BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORDS)
12.1       PERIODICALS CONTROL
12.11    CATALOGUING AND INDEXING
12.12    COOPERATIVE  CATALOGUING, BIBLIOGRAPHIC UTILITIES
12.13    CATALOGUING RULES
12.14    BIBLIOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTION
12.15    MANUAL  CATALOGUES
12.16    COMPUTERIZED CATALOGUES (Use ONLINE CATALOGUES)
12.17    ONLINE CATALOGUES
12.18    CD-ROM CATALOGUES
12.19    INDEXING
12.2       BOOK INDEXING
12.21    SUBJECT INDEXING
12.211  Pre-coordinate Indexing ( Including Chain Indexing, PRECIS, POPSI)
12.212  COORDINATE AND POST-COORDINATE INDEXING
12.213  TITLE MANIPULATION (Including Catchword, KWIC, KWOC)
12.22    SEARCHING
12.23    (Not used)
12.24    SUBJECT HEADINGS SCHEMES
12.25     THESAURI
12.26    CLASSIFICATION
12.27    CLASSIFICATION SCHEMES
12.271  GENERAL CLASSIFICATION SCHEMES
12.2711               DDC
12.2712               UDC
12.2713               LCC
12.2714               BC
12.2715               CC
12.272             Classification fo Specific Disciplines and Subjects
12.28    COMPUTER ASSISTED INDEXING
13.0    COMPUTERIZED INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL
13.1       ECONOMIC AND COMMERCIAL ASPECTS
13.11    NETWORKS
13.12    SOFTWARE
13.13    AUTOMATIC TEXT ANALYSIS, AUTOMATIC INDEXING, AMCNINE TRANSLATION
13.14    SEARCHING
13.15    DOWNLOADING
13.16    DATABASES IN GENERAL
13.17    NON-BIBLIOGRAPHIC DATABASES, DATABANKS
13.18    BIBLIOGRAPHIC DATABASES
13.19    IMAGE DATABASES
13.2       FULL TEXT DATABASES
13.21MULTIMEDIA
13.22ONLINE SYSTEMS
13.23ONLINE DATABASES
13.24DISC STORED SYSTEMS
13.25CD-ROMS
13.26CD-ROM DATABASES
13.27OTHER DISC STORED SYSTEMS
13.28OTHER STORAGE SYSTEMS
13.29VIDEOTEX
14.0      COMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
14.1       COMPUTER INDUSTRY
14.11    NETWORKS
14.12    COMPUTER SCIENCE
14.13    COMPUTERS
14.14    SOFTWARE
14.15    IMAGE TECHNOLOGY
14.16    ONLINE SYSTEMS
14.17    DISC STORE SYSTEMS
14.18    TELECOMMUNICATION AND  BROAD CASTING TECHNOLOGY
14.19    COMPUTER APPLICATIONS
14.191  ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
14.1911 MACHINE LEARNING (Including Gemetoc  Algorithms)
14.1912 NEURAL NETWORKS
14.1913 KNWOLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS(Including Expert Systems)
14.1914  NATURAL LANGUAGE POCESSING  
15.0      READING
15.1       LITERACY
16.0      MEDIA
16.1       COPYRIGHT
16.11    PRINTING, PUBLISHING AND BOOK SELLING
16.12    PRINTING
16.13    PRINTING HISTORY AND ANALYTICAL BIBLIOGRAPHY
16.14    PUBLISHING AND BOOK SELLING
16.15    AUTHORSHIP
16.16    PUBLISHING
16.17    PUBLICATIONS
16.18    ELECTRONIC MEDIA
16.19    BOOK SELLING
16.20    AUTIOVISUAL MATERIALS
16.21    BROADCASTING
17.0      KNOWLEDGE AND LEARNING
17.1       RESEARCH
17.11    EDUCATION
18.0      RECORDS MANAGEMENT

19.0      OTHER FRINGE SUBJECTS

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Source: Information Access Through The Subject : An Annotated Bibliography / by Salman Haider. - Online : OpenThesis, 2015. (408 pages ; 23 cm.)

Annotated bibliography titled Information Access Through The Subject covering Subject Indexing, Subject Cataloging, Classification, Artificial Intelligence, Expert Systems, and Subject Approaches in Bibliographic and Non Bibliographic Databases etc. 

MLIS Thesis is available and discussed in following places: 

The project "annotated bibliography" was worked out as Master of Library & Information Science (MLIS) dissertation under the supervision of Professor Shabahat Husain, Chairman, Department of Library and Information Science, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, in 2002. Information Access Through The Subject is a very much appreciated work. It earned the author S. Bashiruddin – P. N. Kaula Gold Medal, Post Graduate Merit Scholarship, First Division, and IInd Position in the MLIS program.