Sunday, June 21, 2015

Library Circulation : Glossary of Library & Information Science

Library Circulation
Library Circulation
Glossary of Library & Information Science

LIBRARY CIRCULATION  Library Circulation is the function of lending library materials (books, serials, sound recordings, moving images, cartographic materials, etc. that are owned by a library) to the users of the library. Library Circulation includes checking out library materials to library users, renewing the borrowed items, reserving checked out items for the patron, checking in materials returned, checking the materials for damage at the time of return, if found damaged then giving that to responsible staff for repair and when repair is not possible then replacement, renewal of materials, receiving payment of fines for damaged and overdue materials and payment for subscription to the library and other charges, maintaining order in the stacks by re-shelving the library materials by call number given by classification system, such as Library of Congress Classification (LCC) or Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) system. There is a Circulation Desk, a long counter usually located at the main entrance of the library to carry out library circulation activities. It is the service point to register for the library card, check out, renew, and return library materials. Library staff at circulation desk also provides basic search and reference services in the use of library and placement of information resources. Circulation Statistics refers to the check out count of the items of the library for some given period of time. Books with high circulation statistics may be ordered in multiple copies and items showing low circulation rate may be referred for weeding out. This analysis of circulation statistics is termed as Circulation Analysis. Results of circulation analysis are used in various library functions, for instance at the time of budgeting, collection development etc. In modern libraries circulation activities is performed through the circulation module to the used library software, Integrated Library System (ILS), or Learning Management System (LMS).

USED FOR: Circulation, Circulate, Circulating, Circulation Desk, Circulation Analysis, Circulation History, Circulation Statistics, Library Lending


Salman Haider - Librarian, Cataloger, Blogger

  • Written 2015-06-21


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Sunday, June 14, 2015

Libhub Initiative

The Libhub Initiative aims to raise the visibility of Libraries on the Web by actively exploring the promise of BIBFRAME and Linked Data. 

The objective of The Libhub Initiative is to publish BIBFRAME resources to the Web, cross-link resources which are common among libraries, and, through cross-linking improve the ability for people to discover these resources on the open Web. Ultimately, the goal is that users would then be able to click on appropriate resources and be taken back to the library’s catalog. 

Libraries and memory organizations have rich content and resources the Web can't see or use today -- effectively making them dark collections and invisible archives.

IMAGINE if libraries could represent themselves together in a way the Web could see and understand.

This unified voice and utility is among the core promises of BIBFRAME and the Linked Data in Libraries movement. 

[Source: Libhub]

BIBFRAME (Bibliographic Framework) is a data model for bibliographic description. BIBFRAME was designed to replace the MARC standards, and to use linked data principles to make bibliographic data more useful both within and outside the library community. 

[Source: Wikipedia]


For years I have been confronted by non-library people about the relevance of libraries and library catalog in particular in this digital era. I was asked - What is their usefulness when your huge library data cannot interact with the web? Now with Libhub, I hope to answer them in future .... .... {Salman Haider}

Response by John Richardson, Vice-President, Library & Vendor Partnerships, Zepheira

Hello Salman:

Thank you for your support and we too in North America are struggling with the same perceptions about libraries and their relevance. That’s why we created the Libhub Initiative.

We are appreciating your posts and ... ... ...

Your question: I particularly wanted to know if the Library of Congress has implemented BIBFRAME through Libhub or Zepheira. I do not see my cataloged records in Library of Congress database searchable through the internet. What happened to the job Library of Congress contracted to Zepheira?

Answer: BIBFRAME (BF) is still evolving as a framework and several organizations including National Library of Medicine, George Washington University, University of California Davis and Zepheira along with LC are working on it - so it isn’t ready for production at this point. There is a good (and recent!) posting here on some of this work.

A clarification on Libhub - this is a separate project that will take MARC records and transform them into BF resources and we then publish them to the Web. In essence, we are creating a “linking” network with this data. The LC database has not been converted into BF resources at present and I’m not certain what their status is on that. Our contract with LC has concluded with our deliverables of architecting the framework. LC has hired other teams to work on a BF editor, data conversion tools and other elements.

Denver Public Library is the first library Zepheira has worked with to exposes their data to the Web. ~850,000 bib records transformed into 3.7M BF resources and those are being ingested by the Web as I write this. Enclosed is a screen shot that will help illustrate how this can work. (You can try a Google search from your location to see what comes up - and in what order). “molly brown cookbook” or “molly brown papers”

RDA Blog
Click to Enlarge


Teri Embrey, MLIS, Chief Librarian, Pritzker Military Museum & Library, Chicago, IL

Thank you for sharing the link to this useful resource. 

At the Pritzker Military Museum & Library, we have adopted some linked data practices which are practical now. These practices are made possible by RDA and other schema that have been developed over the last few years.

First, our website has complete integration with the Worldcat API. For our website metadata, we are using OCLC subject headings. Here’s an example of a holding:

When we upload photos of collection items to our website, we include the OCLC number in the photo name. We are actively photographing our rare books and will move to photographing the covers of pre-1980 items from the circulating collection when that is completed.

We are also participating as a Wikipedia GLAM institution. For more on our Wikipedia GLAM project, see:

As we move forward with RDA and other linked data standards, it is important to show potential stakeholders (administrators, library trustees, the general public) some of the real world applications of all the work we as a profession are doing behind the scenes to improve their discovery experiences. Have you thought about including a section on your blog on catalogs, websites, etc. that are making the most of the RDA?

LibHub says libraries need to use the Web. Hmm. They've been using the web and Internet resources since Mosaic ca. 1994...and before that. MARC, RDA, Dublin Core, and other iterations of cataloging, all, have issues of describing things as well as searching for them. For PhD candidates, I found a simple MEMO field in MS Access with all of the information in an LC record was at least more suited to searching than some of the library software. Do the above cataloging formats do as well? Musicians don't think so

Clara Liao, Head of Cataloging & Metadata Sevices, Georgetown Law Library

It sounds great. And Zepheira just announced the launch of libhub initiative for academic libraries. However, I contact them recently, they would charge $30,000 to $39,000 to join the project for one year (attendee may upload up to 100,000 records. ), bit expensive for many academic libraries with tight budget for just one year linked data testing.

Interesting initiative, especially for those concerned with RDA and metadata issues




  • Written 2015-06-19

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